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Oil painting - Travelling dog cart
  • Travelling dog cart
    Schwer, Georg, born 1827 - died 1877
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Travelling dog cart

  • Object:

    Oil painting

  • Place of origin:

    Düsseldorf (painted)

  • Date:

    1861 (painted)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Schwer, Georg, born 1827 - died 1877 (painter (artist))

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Oil on canvas

  • Credit Line:

    Bequeathed by Rev. Chauncey Hare Townshend

  • Museum number:

    1610-1869

  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

Georg Schwer (1827-1877) was born in Nuremberg but received his first artistic training in London where he came at the age of 13. He subsequently went to Düsseldorf at an unknown date and became a pupil of Carl Ferdinand Sohn (1805-1867) while also taking lessons with Rudolf Jordan (1810-1887). He later made several trips to Italy, France and Germany. He died in Düsseldorf in 1877.

This painting is a fine example of Schwer's output. It was probably made during a study trip to Willingshausen in the Schwalm (central Germany) he undertook in 1860. This painting shows a woman and her two children travelling with a dog cart carrying monkeys and silhouetted against a dark atmospheric landscape, reminiscent of the art of Sohn. This painting is a good example of the late Romanticism imagery developed in Düsseldorf in the second half of the 19th century.

Physical description

A woman and her two children travelling with a dog cart carrying monkeys and silhouetted against a dark atmospheric landscape,.

Place of Origin

Düsseldorf (painted)

Date

1861 (painted)

Artist/maker

Schwer, Georg, born 1827 - died 1877 (painter (artist))

Materials and Techniques

Oil on canvas

Marks and inscriptions

'G Schwer Düss, 60'
Signed and dated by the artist, lower right

Dimensions

Height: 52.7 cm estimate, Width: 68.6 cm estimate, :

Object history note

Rev. Chauncey Hare Townshend, listed in the 1868 post-mortem register of the contents of his villa in Lausanne (V&A R/F MA/1/T1181) as 'Oil on Canvas. Dog cart. By G. Schwer. Signed. German. Dated 1861'; bequeathed by Rev. Chauncey Hare Townshend, 1868.

Historical significance: The museum owns another painting of this period, girls gathering sticks(1580-1869) which also documented the rustic life of the people of the Schwalm. These two works are rare examples of Schwer's oeuvre represented in the UK.
This work was probably brought by the Rev. Townshend directly from the artist and displayed in his villa in Lausanne where it completed a large collection of 19th-century paintings.

Historical context note

The word Romanticism derived from the medieval term 'romance' and was first used by the German poets and critics August Wilhelm and Friedrich Schlegel to label a wider cultural movement beginning with the late 18th and ending towards the mid 19th century. Romanticism started first in Western Europe as a literary and philosophical movement and only gradually involved the other arts, explicitly around 1800. Romantic artists were fascinated by nature they interpreted as a mirror of the mind. They investigated human nature and personality, the folk culture, the national and ethnic origins, the medieval era, the exotic, the remote, the mysterious and the occult. The interest in the exotic and the non-Western, illustrated in France by such a painter as Eugène Delacroix (1798-1863), as well as the medieval revival, witnessed in England by Horace Walpole (1717-1797), are perhaps the most identifiable parts of Romanticism. It is really in the Post-Napoleonic period that this movement gained ascendancy. Its greatest proponents were among others Théodore Géricault (1791-1824) and François-René de Chateaubriant (1768-1848) in France, Joseph Mallord William Turner (1775-1851) in England, Heinrich Heine (1797-1856) and Caspar David Friedrich (1774-1840) in Germany. In the visual arts, it was largely played out by 1850, but in music it persists for another generation.

Descriptive line

Oil painting, 'Travelling Dog Cart', Georg Schwer, German school, 1861

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Kauffmann, C.M. Catalogue of Foreign Paintings, II. 1800-1900 , London: Victoria and Albert Museum, 1973, p. 96, cat. no. 210.
Börsch-Supan, H. et al., Lexikon der Düsseldorfer Malerschule : 1819-1918, munich, 1997, vol. 3, p. 261.

Materials

Oil paint; Canvas

Techniques

Oil painting

Subjects depicted

Woman; Dogs; Cart; Monkeys; Genre scene; Children; Performers

Categories

Paintings

Collection

Prints, Drawings & Paintings Collection

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