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  • Place of origin:

    Saxony (made)

  • Date:

    1708-35 (made)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    blue glass, engraved and mounted in pewter

  • Museum number:


  • Gallery location:

    Glass, Room 131, case 19, shelf 1

The tankard with pewter lid is a typical central European drinking vessel. Such cylindrical vessels in ceramics or glass were specially made to be mounted. The lid is attached to the upper part of the handle and can be opened with the thumb of the hand in which the vessel is held. This opaque blue glass vessel is decorated with a wheel-engraved decoration consisting of a mirror monogram 'JVG' with a crown and two palm sprigs, probably referring to the original owner of the glass.
Two figures of miners flank the central arms. Underneath are a star and a hammer and pick, typical miner’s tools which are often found in heraldry in the Erzgebrige which was an important mining area. The same symbols are repeated on the town-mark on the pewter lid which has been attributed to Ehrenfriedersdorf, a major tin-mining town. The opaque quality of this type of blue glass is caused by the addition of tin-oxide to the mix of raw materials. All of this makes it very likely that the original owner was a local, involved with the tin-mining industry.

Physical description

Cylindrical tankard with strap handle, made of opaque blue glass with wheel-engraved decoration with a crowned mirror monogram and crossed hammer and mallet, between two palm branches and two male figures with strapwork underneath. Pewter mount and lid, with town mark for Ehrenfriedersdorf in Saxony and a maker's mark with the date 1708 (or 5 or 6).
The bottom extremity of the handle is missing.

Place of Origin

Saxony (made)


1708-35 (made)

Materials and Techniques

blue glass, engraved and mounted in pewter

Marks and inscriptions

Inscribed 'JVG' in mirror-monogram with three stars and a rose.

EFD with hammer and pick and three stars
possibly the arms of Ehrenfriedersdorf in the Erzgebirge
Both the monogram on the glass and the pewter town mark include a hammer and pick and three stars.

ICR with anchor and the year 1708 (or 05 or 06)
Unidentified pewter maker's mark


Height: 235 mm, Width: 155 mm greatest width, Diameter: 110 mm

Object history note

Transferred from the Museum of Practical Geology, London

Descriptive line

Tankard, opaque blue glass, engraved, with pewter mount and lid, Germany (Saxony), 1705-35

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

C. Mosel, Glas: Mittelalter - Biedermeier: Sammlungskataloge dea Kestner-Museums Hannover I, Hannover 1979, p. 104, cat. 133-134 and p. 115, cat. 157, shows a small beaker, also in opaque blue glass (cat. 133) with engraved crowned mirror monogram and date '1732' attributed to Saxony, and a tankard similar to ours, but in clear purple glass with engraved, crowned badge, again, attributed to Saxony.
A. Von Saldern, Glas: Antike bis Jugendstil: Die Sammlung im Museum fur Kunst und Gewerbe Hamburg, Hamburg, 1995, p. 219, cat 235, Illustrates a very similar mounted tankart (probably blue, but bl/wh picture only) and attributed to Saxony, ca. 1710-30, Inv.Nr.1877.227
The mount is very similar and could be from the same workshop.

Labels and date

The engraved decoration includes miners and crossed pick-axes symbolic of the rich ore-producing area of the Erzebirge mountains in Saxony where the tankard was made. []

Production Note

The pewter maker's mark has the date 1708 (or 5 or 6) which indicates the date this mark was registered.




Glassblowing; Wheel-engraving


Glass; Drinking


Ceramics Collection

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