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  • Place of origin:

    Birmingham (made)

  • Date:

    ca. early nineteenth century (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    T. Pope & Co. (makers)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    metal, struck

  • Credit Line:

    Antony Hippisley Coxe Collection

  • Museum number:


  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

In the early 19th century theatre tickets were not printed on paper unless the performance was for a Benefit, when the beneficiary received a percentage of the profits. For everyday performances tickets were in the form of brass or copper metal checks, which were purchased when patrons entered the theatre, and surrendered to 'check takers' as they went into the auditorium. Shareholders in some theatres even received beautifully chased and engraved silver tickets which allowed them free entry for a specified number of years. Ivory tickets, or bones, were introduced in the late 1780s and were given to actors to act as free passes for certain nights and subscribers received ivories or bones which they bought with their names and the season inscribed on them. Unlike the metal checks, these were kept by their owners for the entire season and scrutinised when they got to the theatre. They usually had a hole pierced in them through which a ribbon was inserted so the subscriber hung it on to his lapel, much as a card pass to an enclosure at a race meeting is today.

Physical description

Circular metal token for Batty's Circus, obverse: a pale circular label with the words 'BATTY'S CIRCUS'. Reverse: the words 'T. POPE & CO. BIRMINGHAM' around the edge and 'MAKERS' in the centre.

Place of Origin

Birmingham (made)


ca. early nineteenth century (made)


T. Pope & Co. (makers)

Materials and Techniques

metal, struck


Diameter: 3.8 cm

Descriptive line

Circular metal ticket check or commemorative medallion, struck for Batty's Circus, ca. early nineteenth century






Entertainment & Leisure; Coins & Medals


Theatre and Performance Collection

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