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Architectural Drawing
  • Architectural Drawing
    Webb, Philip Speakman, born 1831 - died 1915
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Architectural Drawing

  • Place of origin:

    Britain

  • Date:

    1892

  • Artist/Maker:

    Webb, Philip Speakman, born 1831 - died 1915

  • Museum number:

    E.400-2014

  • Gallery location:

    Prints & Drawings Study Room, level E, case A, shelf 278

This drawing by Philip Webb in pencil and blue pencil on tracing paper shows East Knoyle Church tower. It shows a cross-section of the tower with Webb's notes and dimensions and is dated 1892.
The tower at East Knoyle Church is an example of Webb’s work in historic preservation and restoration. Webb was a founding member of the Society for the Protection of Ancient Buildings and he helped establish early principles of architectural preservation. He was greatly concerned with the maintenance of buildings' original fabric and emphasised the importance of repairing buildings without damaging their historic integrity. East Knoyle is one such example of his endeavours to preserve a historic building with minimal damage to the original structure. Webb drew numerous designs for the tower, many of which are in the collection of the Victoria and Albert Museum.
Philip Speakman Webb (Oxford, 1831-Sussex, 1915) was a prominent British architect who designed numerous buildings throughout Great Britain. Known for his contributions to British vernacular architecture, Webb was also a skilled draughtsman, and designer of tableware, tiles, stained glass, and furniture. He also designed gravestones and memorials for his friends and clients. Webb lent his hand to many collaborative projects and worked closely with his colleagues, namely William Morris, Dante Gabriel Rossetti, and Edward Burne Jones. His precise drawings of animals, particularly birds, frequently adorn tiles, stained glass, textiles, and wallpaper produced by Morris and Co. Webb is best known for designing Morris’ Red House in Bexleyheath, as well as Clouds House, Naworth Castle, and several London town houses. Among his other accomplishments, Webb is attributed with laying the groundwork for the Arts and Crafts and Modern movements, establishing longstanding principles in historic preservation, and creating some of the most influential designs still studied and celebrated today.

Physical description

This drawing by Philip Webb in pencil and blue pencil on tracing paper shows East Knoyle Church tower. It shows a cross-section of the tower with Webb's notes and dimensions and is dated 1892.

Place of Origin

Britain

Date

1892

Artist/maker

Webb, Philip Speakman, born 1831 - died 1915

Dimensions

Length: 51 cm, Height: 57 cm

Object history note

This object is part of a set of 278 designs and drawings formerly in the collection of John Brandon-Jones. Brandon-Jones was an architect and architectural historian.

Descriptive line

Architectural drawing of East Knoyle Church tower by Philip Webb, 1892

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

See Sheila Kirk, 'Philip Webb: Pioneer of Arts and Crafts Architecture' (West Sussex, Wiley-Academy, 2005), p.172.
St Mary's Church, East Knoyle, is also discussed in W.R. Lethaby, 'Philip Webb and His Work' (Oxford University Press, 1979), p.107.

Materials

Pencil; Paper

Collection

Prints, Drawings & Paintings Collection

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