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Textile fragment

Textile fragment

  • Place of origin:

    Egypt (made)

  • Date:

    50 AD - 220 AD (made)

  • Artist/Maker:


  • Materials and Techniques:

    Wool, single-needle knitted

  • Credit Line:

    Given by the Egypt Exploration Fund

  • Museum number:


  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

Before the technique of knitting with two needles evolved, textiles with a very similar structure and texture were created by a technique known as ‘single-needle knitting’. This sock, made in this method, was intended to be worn with sandals, as the big toe is shaped separately from the other toes. It was excavated from Christian burial grounds of the late Roman period, found in the present-day city of al-Bahnasa in Egypt.

This used yarn threaded through the eye of a sewing needle worked in the round through a series of loops. It was much more laborious and slower than knitting with two needles, as the yarn could only be worked in short lengths. Extra pieces of yarn had to be spliced on as the ‘knitting’ progressed.

Physical description

A sock with big toe worked separately from the others, single-needle knitted in purple wool (dyed with red and blue dyes). It has a narrow 'tongue' at the front of the ankle, laced to the rest of the sock. There is one inch of ribbing at the top of the sock and the heel is shaped. The guage is 9 stitches and 12 rows per inch.

Place of Origin

Egypt (made)


50 AD - 220 AD (made)



Materials and Techniques

Wool, single-needle knitted


Length: 21.5 cm approx., Width: 8.4 cm approx, Height: 10 cm approx.

Object history note

Found at Oxyrhynchus (modern Behneseh), 1896-97 excavation season.

Descriptive line

Egyptian, 50-220 AD, single-needle knitting, purple wool, ribbing

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

A F Kendrick, Catalogue of Textiles From Burying-Grounds in Egypt, Vol II, London: Victoria and Albert Museum, 1920, p.88, catalogue no.592




Single-needle knitting


Clothing; Africa


Middle East Section

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