Royal American Order of Isabella the Catholic
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Given by the family of the late Sir J. C. Robinson
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This Order was instituted by King Ferdinand VII in 1815 to celebrate his return to the throne. When awarded to foreigners it is for services to Spain. It was awarded to John Charles Robinson (1824-1913), curator, scholar and collector, who worked at the V&A in its earliest days and was a very important figure in the formation of the collections. The inscription on the obverse (primary face) is 'A LA LEALTAD ACRISOLADA' ('For loyalty shown'). On the reverse is the inscription 'POR YSABEL LA CATOLICA' ('For Isabella the Catholic').
Decoration in the form of an enamelled gold Maltese cross with rays in the angles of the cross. Central white enamelled medallion shows the columns of Hercules and two globes with single crown. Suspension ring in form of oval gold enamel wreath. Yellow and white silk 'button' for suspension. Inscription.
Place of Origin
Materials and Techniques
Marks and inscriptions
'A LA LEALTAD ACRISOLADA'
'For loyalty shown'
'POR YSABEL LA CATOLICA'
'For Isabella the Catholic'
Height: 35 mm to top of suspension ring, Width: 21 mm
Object history note
This small version of the Order was awarded to John Charles Robinson during his lifetime. It would have been intended for wear when the full sized Order was inappropriate.
Given together with A.1 to A.11 and A.13 to A.14, by Gerald Robinson.
Historical context note
The Order of Isabella the Catholic was instituted in 1815 by King Ferdinand VII to celebrate his return to the throne, and to honour Queen Isabella (1451-1504) under whom Spain had united and prospered. When awarded to foreigners it is for services to Spain.
Decoration, enamelled gold, 'Royal American Order of Isabella the Catholic', small version in the form of a Maltese Cross, Spanish, 19th century
Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)
Orders, Medals and Decorations of Britain and Europe, by Paul Hieronymussen, London, 1966.
Laurel wreaths; Globes (cartographic spheres); Award; Maltese crosses; Crowns (headdresses)
Coins & Medals