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Star - The Order of Sant' Iago

The Order of Sant' Iago

  • Object:

    Star

  • Place of origin:

    Portugal (made)

  • Date:

    1862-1900 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Unknown

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Gold and silver, enamelled

  • Credit Line:

    Given by the family of the late Sir J. C. Robinson

  • Museum number:

    A.8-2006

  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

The Order of Knights of Sant' Iago was originally founded in 1170 to protect pilgrims travelling to Santiago de Compostella. A Portuguese branch of the order was founded in 1290. In 1862 this order became an Order of Merit awarded to Portuguese and foreigners for achievement or noted service in the fields of science, literature and the arts. This star of the Order was awarded to John Charles Robinson (1824-1913), curator, scholar and collector, who worked at the V&A in its earliest days and was a very important figure in the formation of the collections. Its central gold medallion bears a red enamelled badge of the Order of Sant' Iago on a white background, with an inscription round it which reads 'SCIENCIAS LETRAS E ARTES' (Science, literature and the arts).

Physical description

Decoration in the form of a multi-pointed silver star with asymmetrical rays. A central gold medallion bears a red enamelled badge of the Order of Sant' Iago on a white background, with an inscription round it. There is a red enamelled Sacred Heart at the top of the decoration, topped by a black enamelled crucifix.

Place of Origin

Portugal (made)

Date

1862-1900 (made)

Artist/maker

Unknown

Materials and Techniques

Gold and silver, enamelled

Marks and inscriptions

'SCIENCIAS LETRAS E ARTES'
Science, literature and the arts
Inscription

Dimensions

Height: 70 mm, Width: 65 mm

Object history note

This medal was awarded to J.C. Robinson during his lifetime.
Given to the museum together with A.1 to A.7 and A.9 to A.14, by Gerald Robinson.

Historical context note

The Order of Sant' Iago started as an order of Knights founded in 1170 to protect pilgrims travelling to Santiago de Compostella in Spain. A Portuguese branch of the order was founded in 1290. In 1862 this order became an Order of Merit for achievement in science, literature and the arts, awarded to Portuguese and foreigners for servicies in these fields.

Descriptive line

Star, silver and enamelled gold, star of the Order of Sant' Iago, decoration in the form of a multi-pointed star with a red cross of Sant' Iago at its centre, Portuguese, 19th century

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Orders, Medals and Decorations of Britain and Europe, by Paul Hieronymussen, London, 1966

Materials

Gold; Enamel; Silver

Techniques

Enamelling

Subjects depicted

Award; Crosses (motifs); Sacred Heart; Stars

Categories

Coins & Medals; Metalwork

Collection

Sculpture Collection

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