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The Order of Sant' Iago

  • Object:

    Badge

  • Place of origin:

    Portugal (made)

  • Date:

    1862-1900 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Unknown

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Gold, enamelled

  • Credit Line:

    Given by the family of the late Sir J. C. Robinson

  • Museum number:

    A.3-2006

  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

The Order of Knights of Sant' Iago was originally founded in 1170 to protect pilgrims travelling to Santiago de Compostella. A Portuguese branch of the order was founded in 1290. In 1862 this order became an Order of Merit awarded to Portuguese and foreigners for achievement or noted service in the fields of science, literature and the arts. Membership of this Order was awarded to John Charles Robinson (1824-1913), curator, scholar and collector, who worked at the V&A in its earliest days and was a very important figure in the formation of the collections. This badge has the inscription 'SCIENCIAS LETRAS E ARTES' (Science, literature and the arts).

Physical description

Decoration in the form of a red enamelled fleury cross, the lower arm forming a sword. The cross rests on two green enamelled palm branches which meet at the base and support a white enamelled scroll with an inscription. The cross depends from a green enamelled suspension ring in the form of a laurel wreath, and from a further plain gold ring.

Place of Origin

Portugal (made)

Date

1862-1900 (made)

Artist/maker

Unknown

Materials and Techniques

Gold, enamelled

Marks and inscriptions

'SCIENCIAS LETRAS E ARTES'
Science, Literature and Arts

Dimensions

Height: 75 mm, Width: 33 mm

Object history note

This decoration was given to J.C. Robinson during his lifetime.
Given together with A.1 to A.14, by Gerald Robinson.

Historical context note

The Order of Sant' Iago started as an order of Knights founded in 1170 to protect pilgrims travelling to Santiago de Compostella in Spain. A Portuguese branch of the order was founded in 1290. In 1862 this order became an Order of Merit for science, literature and the arts, awarded to Portuguese and foreigners for services in those fields.

Descriptive line

Badge, red, green and white enamelled decoration, badge of the Order of Sant' Iago, Portuguese, 19th century

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Orders, Medals and Decorations of Britain and Europe, Paul Hieronymussen, London, 1966.

Materials

Gold; Enamel

Techniques

Enamelling

Subjects depicted

Palm trees; Scrolls (information artifacts); Laurel wreaths; Awards; Swords

Categories

Coins & Medals; Metalwork

Collection

Sculpture Collection

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