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Copy of Doors

  • Place of origin:

    London (Copy, made)
    Germany (Original, made)

  • Date:

    1874 (made)
    ca. 1874 (cast)
    1015 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Unknown (made)
    Giovanni Franchi and Son (made)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Electrotype

  • Museum number:

    REPRO.1874-44

  • Gallery location:

    Cast Courts, The Ruddock Family Cast Court, Room 46A, case WN

These electrotype copies record a technical marvel of the Middle Ages. Each wing of the original doors was cast in bronze in one piece. The doors are among the largest to survive from this time – nearly five metres high. They are also celebrated for their relief scenes, which are the oldest known monumental image cycle in German sculpture. These electrotype copies capture the fine detail of the biblical stories portrayed
in the reliefs.

Physical description

Electrotype of a pair of bronze doors depicting: The Creation of Eve, Temptation of Adam and Eve, The Fall of Man, Expulsion out of Paradise, The sacrifice of Cain and Abel, Annunciation, The Nativity, Adoration of the Magi, The Presentation in the Temple, Christ before Pontias Pilate, The Crucifixion, Marys at the Sepulchre, Christ's appearance to Mary Magdalene.

Place of Origin

London (Copy, made)
Germany (Original, made)

Date

1874 (made)
ca. 1874 (cast)
1015 (made)

Artist/maker

Unknown (made)
Giovanni Franchi and Son (made)

Materials and Techniques

Electrotype

Dimensions

Height: 488 cm, Width: 244 cm

Object history note

Electrotype copy of the original bronze doors from Hildesheim Cathedral, about 1015. The copies were made by Giovanni Franchi & Son in about 1874, and were purchased from Giovanni Franchi in 1874 for £380.

Historical context note

The doors are decorated with (on the left) representations of the Creation of Eve, the Presentation of Eve to Adam, the Temptation, the Fall, the Expulsion, the Labours of Adam and Eve, the Sacrifice of Abel and Cain, the Murder of Abel, and on the right, the Annunciation, the Nativity, the Adoration of the Magi, the Presentation to Simeon, Christ before Pilate, the crucifixion, the maries a the Sepulchre, and Christ appearing to St Mary Magdalen. The doors were made at the order of St Bernward, Bishop of Hildesheim (993-1022) and set up by him in 1015 in St Michael's Church, Hildesheim. His successor, St Godehard, removed them to the Cathedral.

Descriptive line

Electrotype copy of a pair of bronze doors depicting the Creation of Eve from Hildesheim Cathedral, made bu Giovanni Franchi in about 1874.

Labels and date

Electrotypes of
Unknown artist
Doors from Hildesheim Cathedral
About 1015
These electrotype copies record a technical marvel of the Middle Ages. Each wing of the original doors was cast in bronze in one piece. The doors are among the largest to survive from this time – nearly five metres high. They are also celebrated for their relief scenes, which are the oldest known monumental image cycle in German sculpture. These electrotype copies capture the fine detail of the biblical stories portrayed
in the reliefs.
Electrotypes
Giovanni Franchi and Son
About 1874
Bronzed copper
London
Museum no. Repro.1874-44

Original
Bronze
Originally in St Michael’s Church, Hildesheim
Hildesheim Cathedral, Germany [28.08.18]
Electrotypes of
Unknown artist
Doors from Hildesheim Cathedral
About 1015

These electrotype copies record a technical marvel of the Middle Ages. Each wing of the original doors was cast in bronze in one piece. The doors are among the largest to survive from this time – nearly five metres high. They are also celebrated for their relief scenes, which are the oldest known monumental image cycle in German sculpture. These electrotype copies capture the fine detail of the biblical stories portrayed in the reliefs.

Electrotypes
Giovanni Franchi and Son
About 1874
Bronzed copper
London
Museum no. Repro.1874-44

Original
Bronze
Originally in St Michael’s Church,
Hildesheim
Hildesheim Cathedral, Germany [04/07/2018]
This is an electrotype of a pair of bronze doors made by Giovanni Franchi & Sons in about 1874. The doors were made at the order of St Bernward, Bishop of Hildesheim (993-1022) and set up by him in 1015 in St Michael's Church, Hildesheim. His successor, St Godehard, removed them to the Cathedral.
The doors are decorated with (on the left) representations of the Creation of Eve, the Presentation of Eve to Adam, the Temptation, the Fall, the Expulsion, the Labours of Adam and Eve, the Sacrifice of Abel and Cain, the Murder of Abel, and on the right, the Annunciation, the Nativity, the Adoration of the Magi, the Presentation to Simeon, Christ before Pilate, the crucifixion, the maries a the Sepulchre, and Christ appearing to St Mary Magdalen.

Marion Friedmann []

Materials

Bronzed copper

Techniques

Electrotype

Subjects depicted

Doors

Categories

Sculpture; Architecture; Christianity; Religion; Cast Courts; Copies

Collection

Sculpture Collection

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