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Not currently on display at the V&A

A Hawking party

Oil Painting
19th century (painted)
Artist/Maker

A hawking party setting out on horseback and on foot accompanied by hounds, one man sounds the horn while another transports birds. Philips Wouwerman, (1619-1668) was the most accomplished and successful 17th-century Dutch painter of horses, which he included in his many pictures depicting battle scenes, hunting scenes, army camps, smithies and stables. During the second half of the 1650s Wouwerman produced many fanciful hunting scenes. Between 1737 and 1759 Jean Moyreau (1690–1762) published 89 engravings after paintings by Wouwerman. Although 573-1870 does not correspond to any specific work in Wouwerman’s oeuvre it contains many of the artist’s favourite motifs and themes. Wouwerman produced roughly 30 hawking party pictures over his career and 573-1870 and appears to be a pastiche of several of these, possibly taken from engravings after his work.


object details
Categories
Object Type
Materials and Techniques
Oil on canvas
Brief Description
Oil Painting, 'A Hawking Party', follower of Philips Wouverman, 19th century
Physical Description
A hawking party setting out on horseback and on foot accompanied by hounds, one man sounds the horn while another transports birds
Dimensions
  • Estimate height: 24cm
  • Estimate width: 19.7cm
Dimensions taken from Catalogue of Foreign Paintings, I. Before 1800, C.M. Kauffmann, Victoria and Albert Museum, London, 1973
Style
Credit line
Bequeathed by John M. Parsons
Object history
Bequeathed by John M. Parsons, 1870

John Meeson Parsons (1798-1870), art collector, was born in Newport, Shropshire. He later settled in London, and became a member of the stock exchange. His interest in railways led to his election as an associate of the Institution of Civil Engineers in 1839, and he was director or chairman of two railway companies between 1843 and 1848. Much of his time however was spent collecting pictures and works of art. In his will he offered his collection of mostly German and Dutch schools to the National Gallery (which selected only three works) and to the Department of Science and Art at South Kensington, later the Victoria and Albert Museum. The South Kensington Museum acquired ninety-two oil paintings and forty-seven watercolours. A number of engravings were also left to the British Museum.



Historical significance: Philips Wouwerman, (1619-1668) was undoubtedly the most accomplished and successful 17th-century Dutch painter of horses, which he included in his many pictures depicting battle scenes, hunting scenes, army camps, smithies and stables. He also painted silvery-grey landscapes, genre scenes and a few, original religious and mythological pictures. He was exceptionally productive: although he lived to be only 48 years old, more than 1000 paintings bear his name. During the second half of the 1650s Wouwerman produced many fanciful hunting scenes, often with a vaguely Italian setting and brighter local colours; these were particularly sought after in the 18th century and the early 19th, especially in France. Wouwerman had several pupils, including Nicolaes Ficke, Jacob Warnars and the Swedish artist Koort Witholt, and Antony de Haen. Wouwerman also had many followers. All the important collections created during the 18th and the early 19th centuries, including those that form the nucleus of the museums in St Petersburg, Dresden and The Hague, contain a large number of his works. Between 1737 and 1759 Jean Moyreau (1690–1762) published 89 engravings after paintings by Wouwerman. Although 573-1870 does not correspond to any specific work in Wouwerman’s oeuvre it contains many of the artist’s favourite motifs and themes. Wouwerman produced roughly 30 hawking party pictures over his career and 573-1870 and appears to be a pastiche of several of these, possibly taken from engravings after his work.
Historical context
Genre paintings involving low class society, especially peasants, became increasingly popular in the first half of the 17th century in the Netherlands. They were associated with the health, liberty and pleasure found primarily in the countryside. Military scenes were also particularly popular in the Netherlands, following the recent episodes of war that marked the progressive independence of the Low Countries (Eighty Years’ War 1568-1648), Philips Wouwerman painted generic skirmishes and ambushes (using northern settings, clothing and weapons) and he concentrated on genre scenes of crowded camp life. Tapestries also allowed this genre to develop and were now used as official military art and formed high-class mass production. In Rome, the Bamboccianti, i.e. Netherlandish followers of Pieter van Laer nicknamed Bamboccio, were particularly interested in this genre.
Production
A 19th century imitation of Wouverman.
Subjects depicted
Summary
A hawking party setting out on horseback and on foot accompanied by hounds, one man sounds the horn while another transports birds. Philips Wouwerman, (1619-1668) was the most accomplished and successful 17th-century Dutch painter of horses, which he included in his many pictures depicting battle scenes, hunting scenes, army camps, smithies and stables. During the second half of the 1650s Wouwerman produced many fanciful hunting scenes. Between 1737 and 1759 Jean Moyreau (1690–1762) published 89 engravings after paintings by Wouwerman. Although 573-1870 does not correspond to any specific work in Wouwerman’s oeuvre it contains many of the artist’s favourite motifs and themes. Wouwerman produced roughly 30 hawking party pictures over his career and 573-1870 and appears to be a pastiche of several of these, possibly taken from engravings after his work.
Bibliographic References
  • Kauffmann, C.M. Catalogue of Foreign Paintings, I. Before 1800. London: Victoria and Albert Museum, 1973, pp. 302-303, cat. no. 380.
  • A Catalogue of the National Gallery of British Art at South Kensington with a supplement containing works by modern foreign artists and Old Masters, 2 vols., 1893. p. 189.
  • Birgit Schumacher. Philips Wouwerman (1619-1668): the horse painter of the Golden Age Doornspijk, Netherlands : Davaco Publishers, 2006.
Collection
Accession Number
573-1870

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record createdSeptember 21, 2006
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