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Oil painting - Group of putti, one with a string instrument
  • Group of putti, one with a string instrument
    Sauvage, Piat Joseph, born 1744 - died 1818
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Group of putti, one with a string instrument

  • Object:

    Oil painting

  • Place of origin:

    France (probably, painted)

  • Date:

    Late 18th century (painted)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Sauvage, Piat Joseph, born 1744 - died 1818

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Oil on canvas

  • Credit Line:

    Bequeathed by John Jones

  • Museum number:

    590-1882

  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

Piat-Joseph Sauvage (1744-1818) was a Flemish painter who trained at Antwerp under the supervision of J. Geraerts and G. van Spaendonk. He was in Paris by 1774 and enjoyed there a great success, specialising in trompe-l'oeil and grisaille paintings. He became a member of the Académie Royale in 1783.

This work is a typical example of Neo-classical decorative works fashionable at the end of the 18th century in Western Europe. It shows a group of putti playing music and dancing, a design that recalls classical low-reliefs. This type of paintings was particularly popular at the end of the Rococo period and the beginning of Neo-classical. Similar panel were used as overdoors or wall panellings set into lavish domestic interiors.

Physical description

A group of putti depcited in the grisaille technique playing musical instrument and dancing.

Place of Origin

France (probably, painted)

Date

Late 18th century (painted)

Artist/maker

Sauvage, Piat Joseph, born 1744 - died 1818

Materials and Techniques

Oil on canvas

Dimensions

Height: 52.5 cm estimate, Width: 105.5 cm estimate, :

Object history note

Bequeathed by John Jones, 1882
Ref : Parkinson, Ronald, Catalogue of British Oil Paintings 1820-1860. Victoria & Albert Museum, HMSO, London, 1990. p.xix-xx

John Jones (1800-1882) was first in business as a tailor and army clothier in London 1825, and opened a branch in Dublin 1840. Often visited Ireland, travelled to Europe and particularly France. He retired in 1850, but retained an interest in his firm. Lived quietly at 95 Piccadilly from 1865 to his death in January 1882. After the Marquess of Hertford and his son Sir Richard Wallace, Jones was the principal collector in Britain of French 18th century fine and decorative arts. Jones bequeathed an important collection of French 18th-century furniture and porcelain to the V&A, and among the British watercolours and oil paintings he bequeathed to the V&A are subjects which reflect his interest in France.

See also South Kensington Museum Art Handbooks. The Jones Collection. With Portrait and Woodcuts. Published for the Committee of Council on Education by Chapman and Hall, Limited, 11, Henrietta Street. 1884.
Chapter I. Mr. John Jones. pp.1-7.
Chapter II. No.95, Piccadilly. pp.8-44. This gives a room-by-room guide to the contents of John Jones' house at No.95, Piccadilly.
Chapter VI. ..... Pictures,... and other things, p.138, "The pictures which are included in the Jones bequest are, with scarcely a single exception, valuable and good; and many of them excellent works of the artists. Mr. Jones was well pleased if he could collect enough pictures to ornament the walls of his rooms, and which would do no discredit to the extraordinary furniture and other things with which his house was filled."

Historical significance: This work, which imitates classical low-relief in its design and technique, is a fine example of the influence of classical designs discovered in Herculaneum and Pompei in the art of the second half of the 18th century. The production of such works marks somehow the transition between the rococo era and the Neo-Classicism.
The present painting presents a group of putti playing musical instruments and dancing, a composition slightly reminiscent of Roman bacchanals. It belongs to a group of four paintings (see 590A-1882, 590B-1882 and 590C-1882) and probably originally formed a decorative scheme. The lunette-shaped indicates that the ensemble was inserted into an architectural setting.
Such imitations of stone sculpture, painted 'en grisaille' (in grey) are best known as 'witjes' (playing on the Dutch for white and the artist's name) because at this time, Jacob De Wit (1695-1754) was a leading specialist in this genre. Originally catalogued as 'French School, Manner of de Wit' (1893), this painting was probably made by one of the followers of the Flemish artist active in France Piat-Joseph Sauvage, who specialised in the production of ‘witjes’ in France. The museum owns two examples of his art: 9120-1863 and E.1098-1911.

Historical context note

Grisaille is a term applied to monochrome painting carried out mostly in shades of grey. The use of the French word can be traced only to 1625, although grisaille painting was done in preceding centuries. The origin of monochrome figure painting is to be found in Italian wall painting such as Giotto's painted the stone-coloured allegories of the Virtues and Vices, conceived as statues facing each other in fictive niches on the walls of the nave in the Arena Chapel in Padua (1303-06). The allegories, subordinated by their stone quality to the coloured (and therefore more lifelike) figures in the scenes from the History of Salvation, have nonetheless the highest degree of reality within the picture programme because of their illusionist presentation.
Grisaille painting increasingly appeared in thematically or formally subordinated areas, however the explicit imitation of stone continued to play an important role. In the large fresco programmes of the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries grisaille helped to spread illusionism to painting in colour. Michelangelo's polychrome prophets and sibyls (1508-12) on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel in Rome for example are placed between grisaille figures appearing like reliefs or caryatids on pilasters and are thrust by them into the beholder's space. The case is similar with Annibale Carracci's frescoes (1597-1600) of the Galleria of the Palazzo Farnese in Rome or Paolo Veronese's wall paintings (1561-2) in the Villa Barbaro in Maser.

Descriptive line

Oil Painting, 'Group of Putti, One with a String Instrument', Follower of Piat-Joseph Sauvage, late 18th century

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Kauffmann, C.M., Catalogue of Foreign Paintings, I. Before 1800, London: Victoria and Albert Museum, 1973, p. 119-120, cat. no. 134
B.S. Long, Catalogue of the Jones Collection, London, 1923, p. 54.

Materials

Oil paint; Canvas

Techniques

Oil painting; Grisaille

Subjects depicted

Putti; Musical instruments

Categories

Paintings

Collection

Prints, Drawings & Paintings Collection

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