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Alhambra, Court of the Lions

  • Object:


  • Place of origin:

    Granada (photographed)
    Alhambra (photographed)

  • Date:

    1854 (photographed)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Clifford, Charles, born 1821 - died 1863 (photographer)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Albumen print from wet collodion negative

  • Credit Line:

    Transferred from the British Museum

  • Museum number:


  • Gallery location:

    Prints & Drawings Study Room, level F, case X, shelf 759, box GI

Physical description

A mounted sepia-coloured photograph showing a view of a circular fountain of which its basin is supported by twelve marble lions, in the centre of a rectangular courtyard surrounded by colonnated galleries with a pavilion at each shore.

Place of Origin

Granada (photographed)
Alhambra (photographed)


1854 (photographed)


Clifford, Charles, born 1821 - died 1863 (photographer)

Materials and Techniques

Albumen print from wet collodion negative

Marks and inscriptions

C. CLIFFORD Photo of H M
Embossed stamp on recto at the bottom centre

2 14
Stamp on verso


Height: 29 cm image, Width: 42 cm image, Height: 36.6 cm mount, Width: 48 cm mount

Object history note

This photograph was acquired by the British Museum in 1857 than transferred in 2000 as plan to rationalise the collection and house objects at the V&A where greater expertise and national collections of particular media reside.

Historical context note

Charles Clifford is considered among the finest photographers in nineteenth-century Spain, where he spent most of his career. Settling in Madrid in the early 1850s, Clifford became court photographer to Isabella II and accompanied the Queen on a number of royal tours within the country.
Clifford specialised in the photography of architectural subjects and industrial projects and his work is particularly notable for his technical mastery of the large format view. His unusual treatment of architectural spaces has made him one of the most famous 19th century photographers in Spain. He belonged to both the Sociéte Française de Photographie and the Architectural Photographic Association.

Descriptive line

Photograph by Charles Clifford, 'Alhambra, Court of the Lions', albumen print, 1854

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Fontanella, Lee; Kurtz, Gerardo F. Charles Clifford fotógrafo de la Espanña de Isabel II. Madrid: Ediciones El Viso, ca.1996. 198 p., ill. ISBN 8481811416.


Photographic paper


Albumen print; Photography

Subjects depicted

Palace; Pavilion; Court of the Lions; Palace of the Lions; Gallery; Fountain of the Lions


Architecture; Islam; Photographs; Sculpture; Tourism & Travel


Prints, Drawings & Paintings Collection

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