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Oil painting - Woody landscape with cattle and stream
  • Woody landscape with cattle and stream
    Ruisdael, Jacob Salomonsz., born 1629 - died 1681
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Woody landscape with cattle and stream

  • Object:

    Oil painting

  • Place of origin:

    Amsterdam (painted)

  • Date:

    1678 (painted)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Ruisdael, Jacob Salomonsz., born 1629 - died 1681 (painter (artist))

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Oil on oak panel

  • Credit Line:

    Bequeathed by John M. Parsons

  • Museum number:

    544-1870

  • Gallery location:

    On display at Handel House Museum, London

A wooded landscape with cattle and sheep grazing by a stream and a cattle herder on horseback. This work is attributed to Jacob Salomonsz. van Ruisdael (1629/30 - 1681) Born in Haarlem, Jacob Salomonsz. was the son of Salomon van Ruysdael and a cousin and pupil of the most important painter of this family, Jacob van Ruisdael- generally regarded as the principal figure among Dutch landscape painters of the second half of the 17th century. 544-1870 reveals the degree to which Jacob Salomonsz.'s was inspired by his cousin's wooded landscapes, particularly in his depiction of a dense forest mass at right which offsets the distant open view on the left. The brown and olive-green tints are lightened with bluish-green, and a delicate grey enlivens the highlights on the tree trunks. Like his cousin, Jacob Salomonsz. is interested in precisely representing different kinds of tree, bearing witness to his remarkable powers of observation and ability to create naturalistic compositions. He is generally believed to have stopped painting in the mid-1660s when he became a stocking-seller in Amstredam. If correct, the inscribed date of 1678 on the painting suggests a particularly late work in his oeuvre.

Physical description

A wooded landscape with cattle and sheep grazing by a stream and a cattle herder on horseback

Place of Origin

Amsterdam (painted)

Date

1678 (painted)

Artist/maker

Ruisdael, Jacob Salomonsz., born 1629 - died 1681 (painter (artist))

Materials and Techniques

Oil on oak panel

Marks and inscriptions

'Ruysdael 1678'
Inscribed lower left
An old note in the object file suggests that the inscription is written over the varnish, implying that it is a later addition [to be verified]

Dimensions

Height: 83.8 cm estimate, Width: 115.5 cm estimate, Height: 1258 mm frame, Width: 1540 mm frame, Depth: 133 mm frame, :

Object history note

Bequeathed by John M. Parsons, 1870
John Meeson Parsons (1798-1870), art collector, was born in Newport, Shropshire. He later settled in London, and became a member of the stock exchange. His interest in railways led to his election as an associate of the Institution of Civil Engineers in 1839, and he was director or chairman of two railway companies between 1843 and 1848. Much of his time however was spent collecting pictures and works of art. In his will he offered his collection of mostly German and Dutch schools to the National Gallery (which selected only three works) and to the Department of Science and Art at South Kensington, later the Victoria and Albert Museum. The South Kensington Museum acquired ninety-two oil paintings and forty-seven watercolours. A number of engravings were also left to the British Museum.

According to a handwritten note in the object file, the work was transferred to Osterley Park in Dec. 1957 and Returned to Kensington in Oct. 1967.

Historical significance: Marijke de Kinkelder has recently attributed this work to Jacob Salomonsz. van Ruisdael (1629/30 - 1681) (written communication, March 2010) based on photographs only. Jacob Salomonsz. was born in Haarlem, the son of Salomon van Ruysdael and a cousin and pupil of the most important painter of this family, Jacob van Ruisdael- generally regarded as the principal figure among Dutch landscape painters of the second half of the 17th century. In 544-1870 Jacob Salomonsz. is clearly inspired by his cousin's wooded landscapes in his depiction of a dense forest mass at right which offsets the distant open view on the left. The brown and olive-green tints are lightened with bluish-green, and a delicate grey enlivens the highlights on the tree trunks. Like his cousin, Jacob Salomonsz. is interested in precisely representing different kinds of tree, bearing witness to his remarkable powers of observation and ability to create naturalistic compositions. Jacob Salomonsz. worked as a landscape painter first in Haarlem, and by 1666 in Amsterdam. He blended his father's and cousin's approaches to create his own personal artistic style. He is generally believed to have stopped painting in the mid-1660s when he became a stocking-seller in Amstredam. If correct, the inscribed date of 1678 on the painting suggests a particularly late work in his oeuvre.

Historical context note

Landscape paintings were extremely popular during the 17th century and increasingly encompassed a variety of forms and genres. Dutch painters in particular were inspired to paint nature, both their familiar surroundings as well as more exotic locales, the most popular being Italy. In the early 1600s, innovative contributions to landscape paintings were made, especially by the marine painters who concentrated on the changing effects of light according to atmospheric conditions and perspective and had a considerable impact on the appearance of landscape painting. Panoramic views also became popular in 17th-century Netherlandish art and views of the Dutch countryside developed under the influence of Jan van Goyen (1596-1656) who employed a broken brushwork technique and used a restrained monochromatic palette of earthy colours. Towards the end of the 17th century, a shift in taste is detected in favour of more academic and classical landscapes inspired by Italianate paintings and often employed as settings for mythological or historical subjects.

Descriptive line

Oil Painting, 'Woody Landscape with Cattle and Stream', manner of Jacob Salomonsz.van Ruisdael, 1678

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Kauffmann, C.M. Catalogue of Foreign Paintings, I. Before 1800. London: Victoria and Albert Museum, 1973, p. 253, cat. no. 313.
A Catalogue of the National Gallery of British Art at South Kensington with a supplement containing works by modern foreign artists and Old Masters, 2 vols., (1893), p. 185.

Production Note

Acquired as by Jacob van Ruisdael (1893), Kauffmann (1973) suggested in was a 19th-century work in the manner of van Ruisdael. Marijke de Kinkelder has recently attributed this work to Jacob Salomonsz. van Ruisdael (1629/30 - 1681) (written communication, March 2010) based on photographs only.

Materials

Oil paint; Oak

Techniques

Oil painting

Subjects depicted

Dogs (animals); Horse; Forests; Cattle; Sheep

Categories

Paintings

Collection

Prints, Drawings & Paintings Collection

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