Please complete the form to email this item.

John Raphael Smith

  • Object:

    Bust

  • Place of origin:

    England, Great Britain (made)

  • Date:

    1825 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Chantrey, born 1781 - died 1841 (artist)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Marble

  • Museum number:

    A.15-1920

  • Gallery location:

    Sculpture, room 22, case P2

  • Download image

John Raphael Smith (1751-1812), a famous printmaker and print publisher, was a patron of the sculptor. He was also deaf, and Chantrey was reported as saying that 'the expression of deafness was conveyed principally by the mouth. If you observe a deaf man's mouth, you will always find the lips unclosed when he is attending to you'.

Although the bust is dated some 13 years after Smith's death, it was probably based on a model made during his lifetime. Smith was to have a significant influence on Chantrey, whom he met when he was an apprentice to a restorer and picture-framer. Later, when Chantrey moved to London, Smith helped by introducing him to potential patrons.

Sir Francis Legatt Chantrey (1781-1842) was an English sculptor, painter, and patron. He was probably the most successful portrait sculptor of his day. Together with Flaxman Chantrey can be ranked as England's greatest sculptor engaging in portrait busts and statues. He was particularly skilled in carving drapery. On his death he left a fortune of £150,000 which was later bequeathed to the Royal Academy to be used for the 'Encouragement of British Fine Art in Painting and Sculpture'.

Physical description

Signed and dated on the back.

Place of Origin

England, Great Britain (made)

Date

1825 (made)

Artist/maker

Chantrey, born 1781 - died 1841 (artist)

Materials and Techniques

Marble

Marks and inscriptions

'CHANTREY, S.C./1825'

Dimensions

Height: 66 cm

Object history note

Commissioned by Sir Simon Clarke Bt.; an entry in Chantrey's ledger on 16 December 1827 records the cost of the bust, £105, but it was still in Chantrey's studio on 14 February 1835. Given by Mrs O. Stuart Andreae and her sister Miss South, Kenna House, Kensington Palace Gardens, London in 1920.

Descriptive line

Bust, marble, of John Raphael Smith, by Sir Francis Legatt Chantrey, England, 1825

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Yarrington, Alison, et al. The fifty-sixth volume of the Walpole Society : 1991/1992. An edition of the ledger of Sir Francis Chantrey, R.A. at the Royal Academy, 1809-1841. London: Printed for the Walpole Society, 1994, p. 200, no. 176b.
Whinney, Margaret. Sculpture in Britain 1530 to 1830. 2nd ed. London, 1988, p. 422, pl. 314
Penny, N. Catalogue of European Sculpture in the Victoria and Albert Museum. III. Oxford, 1992, p. 244
[Catalogue entry] Sir Francis Chantrey 1781-1841, Sculptor of the Great. 1981, cat. no. 10.
Whinney, Margaret. English Sculpture 1720-1830. London : H.M.S.O., 1971, p. 148
Bilbey, Diane and Trusted Marjorie. British Sculpture 1470 to 2000. A Concise Catalogue of the Collection at the Victoria and Albert Museum. London, 2002. p. 235-236, cat. no. 258

Exhibition History

Citizens and Kings (Royal Academy of Arts 03/02/2007-20/04/2007)
Portraits publics, portraits privés, 1770–1830 (Grand Palais 04/10/2006-09/01/2007)
British Portrait Exhibition (01/01/1972-31/12/1973)
Sir Francis Chantrey 1781-1841Sculptor of the Great (Mappin Art Gallery 04/04/1981-17/05/1981)
Sir Francis Chantrey 1781-184, Sculptor of the Great (National Portrait Gallery 16/03/1981-22/03/1981)

Materials

Marble

Subjects depicted

Rapheal Smith, John

Categories

Portraits; Sculpture

Collection code

SCP

Download image
Qr_O127121
Ajax-loader