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Bust - Philip Dormer Stanhope, Fourth Earl of Chesterfield
  • Philip Dormer Stanhope, Fourth Earl of Chesterfield
    Roubiliac, Louis-François
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Philip Dormer Stanhope, Fourth Earl of Chesterfield

  • Object:

    Bust

  • Place of origin:

    Britain (made)

  • Date:

    ca. 1745 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Roubiliac, Louis-François (sculptor)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Bronze

  • Museum number:

    A.17-1959

  • Gallery location:

    Sculpture, Room 24, The Dorothy and Michael Hintze Galleries, case NWAL

The classical format of the portrait, showing the sitter without a wig, and with undraped shoulders, as well as eyes deeply incised, may have been suggested by Lord Chesterfield himself, who in his famous letters to his son gave constant advice about education and manners, frequently citing the importance of Roman Antiquity as a guide. In the letter to his son of 17 May 1745 he speaks with admiration of a bust of Cicero he has just added to his library.

The sculptor Louis François Roubiliac (1705-1762) was one of the leading sculptors of his generation, and his busts and monuments are among the most important produced in Britain in the first half of the 18th century. He was born in Lyons, and probably trained in Dresden. He was later in Paris, but from 1730 he was based in London, apart from a brief visit to Rome in 1752.

Physical description

The subject looks to his half left. The bust terminates between the base of the neck and hte edge of the shoulder.

Place of Origin

Britain (made)

Date

ca. 1745 (made)

Artist/maker

Roubiliac, Louis-François (sculptor)

Materials and Techniques

Bronze

Dimensions

Height: 58.4 cm including marble base, Height: 45.1 cm excluding base

Object history note

Purchased from Alfred Spero, London, in 1959, for £90.

Historical significance: The classical format of the portrait, showing the sitter without a wig, and with undraped shoulders, as well as eyes deeply incised, may have been suggested by Lord Chesterfield himself, who in his famous letters to his son gave constant advice about education and manners, frequently citing the importance of Roman Antiquity as a guide. In the letter to his son of 17 May 1745 he speaks with admiration of a bust of Cicero he has just added to his library.

Descriptive line

Bust, bronze, Philip Dormer Stanhope, 4th Earl of Chesterfield, by Louis-Francois Roubiliac, English, ca. 1745

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Bilbey, Diane and Trusted, Marjorie. British Sculpture 1470-2000. A Concise Catalogue of the Collection at the Victoria and Albert Museum. London: Victoria and Albert Museum, 2002, pp. 115, 6, cat.no. 157
Whinney, Margaret. English Sculpture : 1720 - 1830 / Victoria and Albert Museum, London, London : Her Majesty's Stationery Office, 1971, pp. 86 & 88
Baker, Malcolm, Figured in Marble. The Making and Viewing of Eighteenth-Century Sculpture, London, 2000, p. 92, pl. 171 on p. 93

Materials

Bronze

Categories

Bronze; Portraits; Sculpture

Collection

Sculpture Collection

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