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Bust -  Pope Clement XIV

Pope Clement XIV

  • Object:

    Bust

  • Place of origin:

    Rome (made)

  • Date:

    1773 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Hewetson, Christopher (sculptors)

  • Museum number:

    A.22-1948

  • Gallery location:

    Sculpture, Room 24, The Dorothy and Michael Hintze Galleries, case P2

This bust was commissioned in Rome by the British collector Thomas Mansel Talbot (1747-1813) for £140. At the same time he commissioned a bust of himself (Museum no. A.41-1953). Pope Clement XIV (Lorenzo Ganganelli; 1705-1774) had a particularly friendly relationship with the British in Rome.

Hewetson (B. Kilkenny with birth date unclear; d. Rome 1798). He worked in Dublin before moving to Rome to live and work in 1765, where he remained for the rest of his life. He specialised in portrait busts of British visitors on the Grand Tour and established himself as one of the prominent British sculptors working in Rome at that time.

Physical description

Marble bust of Pope Clement XIV wearing a skull-cap and a cape tied in front with a knotted cord, is shown looking slightly to his right.

Place of Origin

Rome (made)

Date

1773 (made)

Artist/maker

Hewetson, Christopher (sculptors)

Dimensions

Height: 75 cm

Object history note

The version at Ammerdown (Lord Hylton's collection) sold at Christie's, London, 11th December, 1990, lot. 48. Purchased by the National Gallery of Scotland, inv, no. 2525.

Plaster version at Bassasno del Grappa, Museo Givio, traditionally ascribed to CANOVA.
Another marble version at Yale.

Beningbrough Hall version exhibited Treasure Houses of Britain, 1985.

Descriptive line

Bust, marble, Pope Clement XIV, by C. Hewetson, Irish (carved in Rome), 1773

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Bilbey, Diane and Trusted Marjorie. British Sculpture 1470 to 2000. A Concise Catalogue of the Collection at the Victoria and Albert Museum. London, 2002. pp. 90-91. cat. no. 123.
Cheke, M. The Cardinal de Bernis. 1958. p. 243.
Hodgkinson, T. Christopher Hewetwon, an Irish sculptor in Rome. The Walpole Society. 34, 1952. pp. 42-54.
Whinney, M. English Sculpture 1720-1830. London, 1971. p. 110.
de Breffny, B. Christopher Hewtson. Irish Arts Review. IV. part 3. 1986. p. 55. no. 4d.
Molesworth, H. D. Sculpture in England. Renaissance to early XIX century. London; NY; Toronto, 1951. p. 16. pl. XXXIX.
Ingamells, J., ed. A dIctionary of British and Irish travellers in Italy 1701-1800. New Haven, 1997. pp. 923-924.
Clifford, T. et. al. The Three Graces Antonio Canova. Catalogue of the exhibition held in National Gallery of Scotland. Edinburgh, 1995. p. 11.
Cf. Pavanello, G. L'Opera Completa del Canova. Milan, 1976. p. 135. no. 378.
Cf. Jackson-Stops, G., ed. The treasure houses of Britain. Catalogue of the exhibition held at the National Gallery of Art, Washington. New Haven, 1985. p. 270. cat. no. 190.
Cf. Bowron, E. P., Rishel, J. J. eds. Art in Rome in the eighteenth century. Philadelphia, 2000. p. 255. cat. no. 130.

Materials

Marble

Categories

Sculpture; Portraits

Collection

Sculpture Collection

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