Or are you looking for Search the Archives?

Please complete the form to email this item.

Oil painting - Head of a woman from the Dream of Queen Katherine
  • Head of a woman from the Dream of Queen Katherine
    Fuseli, Henry, born 1741 - died 1825
  • Enlarge image

Head of a woman from the Dream of Queen Katherine

  • Object:

    Oil painting

  • Place of origin:

    Great Britain (painted)

  • Date:

    1778-1788 (painted)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Fuseli, Henry, born 1741 - died 1825 (painter (artist))

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Oil on canvas backed with millboard
    Gilded Composition Frame

  • Credit Line:

    Bequeathed by Rev. Chauncey Hare Townshend

  • Museum number:

    1385-1869

  • Gallery location:

    Paintings, Room 82, The Edwin and Susan Davies Galleries, case SOUTH WALL []

Henry Fuseli [Johann Heinrich Füssli ] (1741-1825), was born in Zurich and received rigorous art-historical training from his father Johann Caspar Füssli. He spent most of his life in London becoming an associate of the Royal Academy in 1788 and a Royal Academician in 1790. He specialised in history paintings on a grand scale, drawing his inspiration from the mythology, classical literature and notably Dante's Divine Comedy. He was also a prolific writer and was elected the Academy's Professor of Painting in a post he held until 1805; he was made Keeper in 1804 and re-elected Professor in 1810, and the statutes were changed to enable him to retain the Keepership as well.

This painting is possibly a preliminary study or a fragment of a destroyed composition commissioned by Thomas Macklin in 1779 for his Poets’ Gallery. The subject matter is taken from Shakespeare’s Henry VIII (Act 4, scene 2). The head could possibly correspond to one of the numerous females’ profile although it has not been possible to individuate which one it precisely refers to.

Physical description

Head of a women in profile towards right, her hair are hold by a golden ribbon and she wears a green dress.

Place of Origin

Great Britain (painted)

Date

1778-1788 (painted)

Artist/maker

Fuseli, Henry, born 1741 - died 1825 (painter (artist))

Materials and Techniques

Oil on canvas backed with millboard
Gilded Composition Frame

Dimensions

Diameter: 17.5 in estimate

Object history note

Rev. Chauncey Hare Townshend, listed in the 1868 post-mortem register of the contents of his London house (V&A R/F MA/1/T1181) in the Library as 'An Oil on canvas, backed with millboard. Head of a female (perhaps a portion of the picture representing the Dream of Queen Catherine - see Nos. 1386, 1387). By Henry Fuseli, RA. In frame. English. 18th century'; bequeathed by Rev. Chauncey Hare Townshend, 1868.

Historical significance: This painting is possibly a fragment of a picture representing the dream of Queen Katherine (Shakespeare, Henry VIII, Act Iv, scene 2) commissioned in 1779 by Thomas Macklin (c. 1760-1800) for his Poets' Gallery. The final composition is only known through an engraving made by Francesco Bartolozzi (1728-1815) in 1788, which was much criticised by Fuseli. Between 1779 and 1788, Fuseli executed a series of works and studies for this composition: a version was commissioned by Sir Robert Smith, Bart (1744-1802) and exhibited in 1781 at the Royal Academy, and another destroyed but known through two fragments in the V&A (see 1386-1869 and 1387-1869).
A preparatory study for the latter version can be seen on the reverse of a drawing showing 'Bacchus as a child' in the Kunsthaus, Zurich.
In 1788, Macklin issued a prospectus for 'One hundred pictures / Prints illustrative of the most celebrated British Poets ... with letter-press explanatory of the subject, extracted from the writings of the respective poets.' A copy is held at the National Library of Wales.

Historical context note

The word Romanticism derived from the medieval term 'romance' and was first used by the German poets and critics August Wilhelm and Friedrich Schlegel to label a wider cultural movement beginning with the late 18th and ending towards the mid 19th century. Romanticism started first in Western Europe as a literary and philosophical movement and only gradually involved the other arts, explicitly around 1800. Romantic artists were fascinated by nature they interpreted as a mirror of the mind. They investigated human nature and personality, the folk culture, the national and ethnic origins, the medieval era, the exotic, the remote, the mysterious and the occult. The interest in the exotic and the non-Western, illustrated in France by such a painter as Eugène Delacroix (1798-1863), as well as the medieval revival, witnessed in England by Horace Walpole (1717-1797), are perhaps the most identifiable parts of Romanticism. It is really in the Post-Napoleonic period that this movement gained ascendancy. Its greatest proponents were among others Théodore Géricault (1791-1824) and François-René de Chateaubriant (1768-1848) in France, Joseph Mallord William Turner (1775-1851) in England, Heinrich Heine (1797-1856) and Caspar David Friedrich (1774-1840) in Germany. In the visual arts, it was largely played out by 1850, but in music it persists for another generation.

Descriptive line

Oil Painting, 'Head of a Woman' (portion of a picture representing the Dream of Queen Katherine (Shakespeare, Henry VIII, Acti IV, Scene 2), Henry Fuseli, 1779-1788

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Victoria and Albert Museum, Summary Catalogue of British paintings, London, 1973, p. 49.
Boase, T. S. R., 'Macklin and Bowyer' in Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes, Vol. 26, No. 1/2 (1963), pp. 148-177, esp. p. 153.
Allentuck, M., 'Henry Fuseli's 'Queen Katherine's Vision' and Macklin's Poets' Gallery: A New Critique' in Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes, Vol. 39 (1976), pp. 266-268, esp. p. 266.
L'opera completa di Füssli, G. Schiff ed., Milan, 1977, cat. no. 92.
Schiff, G, Johann Heinrich Füssli 1741-1825, 2 vols., Zurich, 1973, cat. no. 763.

Materials

Oil paint; Canvas; Millboard

Techniques

Oil painting

Subjects depicted

Figure; Profile; Figure

Categories

Paintings; Shakespeare

Collection

Prints, Drawings & Paintings Collection

Large image request

Please confirm you are using these images within the following terms and conditions, by acknowledging each of the following key points:

Please let us know how you intend to use the images you will be downloading.