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  • Place of origin:

    Mughal Empire (made)

  • Date:

    ca. 1590 (painted)

  • Artist/Maker:


  • Materials and Techniques:

    Painted in watercolour on paper

  • Museum number:


  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

Physical description

Painting, watercolour on paper, illustration to the Waqiat-i-Barbari (memoirs of Babur). Babur, in armour and on a caparisoned horse, is at the centre of the composition, followed by other horsemen in armour at the right of the composition and preceded by footsoldiers. Behind them are mountains and a minar. Snow is seen on the landscape.

Place of Origin

Mughal Empire (made)


ca. 1590 (painted)



Materials and Techniques

Painted in watercolour on paper

Object history note

S.A.A Rizvi, in Religious and Intellectual History of the Muslims in Akbar's Reign (Delhi, 1975, 220-221), notes:
The Babur Nama, in Chaghta'i Turkish, a mine of information relating to Central Asia, Kabul and India, was of an absorbing interest for the Indian Timurids. The portions relating to the Indian period of Babur's autobiography had already been translated by his sadr, Zainu'd Din Khwafi, into Persian. In 994/1584 Mirza Payandah Hasan Ghaznavi commenced its translation at the insistence of Bihruz Khan (who was afterwards given the title of Naurang Khan by Akbar and died as a governor of Junahgarh in 1002/1593-94), but he could not translate the account beyond the first sixth and a part of the seventh year. Subsequently one Muhammad Quli Mughal HIsari continued the work and brought it down to 935/1528-29. Akbar ordered Mirza 'Abdu'r Rahim Khan-i Khanan to translate it again and he completed the work in 998/1589. He presented his translation to the Emperor as he was returning from Kabul on 24 November 1589. The Khan-i Khanan excelled all the previous translators.

Descriptive line

Painting, detached folio from an illustrated manuscript copy of the Baburnama, or Memoirs of Babur. Here, Babur passes through the mountains to Kabul in 1502, watercolour on paper, Mughal, ca. 1590


Watercolour; Paint; Watercolour; Paper



Subjects depicted

Mountains; Horses; Armour; Horse armour; Snow


Paintings; Military; Bonita Trust Indian Paintings Cataloguing Project


South & South East Asia Collection

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