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Manuscript binding - Miftah al-Sarod

Miftah al-Sarod

  • Object:

    Manuscript binding

  • Place of origin:

    Deccan (north, made)

  • Date:

    late 19th century to early 20th century (made)
    1691 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Unknown

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Painted, written and drawn in opaque watercolour, gold and ink on paper

  • Museum number:

    IS.61:1-1977

  • Gallery location:

    South Asia, Room 41, case 12B

Physical description

Binding of a copy of the Miftah al-Sarod, a musical treatise. The manuscript's text is in Persian and the manuscript contains 81 illustrated pages of which 3 pages have 2 miniatures. The pages have been rebound out of sequence.

Place of Origin

Deccan (north, made)

Date

late 19th century to early 20th century (made)
1691 (made)

Artist/maker

Unknown

Materials and Techniques

Painted, written and drawn in opaque watercolour, gold and ink on paper

Dimensions

Height: 25.7 cm, Width: 17.5 cm, Depth: 2.6 cm

Object history note

The Miftah al-Sarod is a musical treatise in Persian written at Daulatabad in the Deccan by Qazi Hasan, son of Khwaja Tahir, son of Khwaja Muhammad Qazi, in 1673/4. The present copy was written and illustrated, according to the colophon, in the district of Indur (modern Nizamabad) in the Deccan in 1102 A.H. (July-August A.D.1691). It was rebound, probably in the late 19th or early 20th century.

The treatise is a ragamala work or 'garland of musical modes'. It describes the six principal ragas or musical modes (given as Bhairon, Malakansika, Hindola, Dipak, Shri and Megha Malhar) and their 31 'wives' and 49 'sons'. Each raga has 5 'wives' and 8 'sons' but Shri raga has 6 'wives' and 9 'sons'. This is based on the system of Ksemakarna but modified in the case of Shri Raga. Thus the total number of ragas (male) and raginis (female) is eighty-six, of which eighty-three illustrated remain in the manuscript.

Descriptive line

Binding, probably late 19th or early 20th century rebinding of an illuminated manuscript, a copy of the Miftah al-Sarod (a treatise on music by Qazi Hasan), north Deccan, dated 1691 AD

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Skelton, Robert, cat. 82.
Skelton, Robert, et al, The Indian Heritage. Court life and Arts under Mughal Rule London: The Victoria and Albert Museum, 1982

Labels and date

A MANUSCRIPT OF THE MIFTAH AL-SAROD
Opaque watercolour, gold and ink on paper
Nizamabad (formerly Indur), Deccan
1691; the binding late 19th or early 20th century
IS.61-1977
The Miftah al-Sarod is a musical treatise in Persian written at Daulatabad in the Deccan
by Qazi Hasan in 1673/4. The treatise is a ragamala work or ‘garland of musical modes’. It describes the six principal ragas or modes.
In this system each raga has five ‘wives’ and eight ‘sons’, but Shri raga has six ‘wives’ and nine ‘sons’. There are illustrations of 83 of these ragas (male) and raginis (female) in the manuscript. [27/9/2013]

Techniques

Painted; Written; Drawn

Categories

Manuscripts; Hinduism; Music

Collection

South & South East Asia Collection

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