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Ring

  • Place of origin:

    England, Britain (possibly, made)

  • Date:

    ca. 1740 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    unknown (production)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Gold set with a crystal enclosing a miniature on vellum

  • Museum number:

    6-1899

  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

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The ‘Old Pretender’ or ‘Old Chevalier’, James Francis Stuart (1688-1766) whose portrait is set in this ring, was the son of King James II, exiled in favour of his eldest daughter Mary II and her husband William of Orange by the Revolution of 1688. Although he was attainted for treason and stripped of his titles in 1702, he was recognised as James III by the Catholic powers of Europe and made several attempts to regain the throne. Rings set with his image and those of his Stuart ancestors were worn by his supporters and those of his son Charles, popularly known as Bonnie Prince Charlie. Pendant miniatures, medals, cameos, slides, lockets and rings were all worn by Jacobite sympathisers.

The image on this ring may be based on a 1712 portrait by Alexis Simon Belle, in which James is shown wearing the blue sash of the Order of the Garter, worn by the exiled Stuarts as a sign of their legitimacy. James Francis had been invested with the Garter by his father James II in 1692 at the age of four, prior to an unsuccessful attempt to invade England.

Physical description

Gold ring, the oval bezel set with a crystal enclosing a miniature on vellum of Prince James Francis Edward Stuart, the Old Pretender, with openwork shoulders

Place of Origin

England, Britain (possibly, made)

Date

ca. 1740 (made)

Artist/maker

unknown (production)

Materials and Techniques

Gold set with a crystal enclosing a miniature on vellum

Dimensions

Height: 2.1 cm, Width: 2.1 cm, Depth: 0.9 cm

Descriptive line

Gold ring, the oval bezel set with a crystal enclosing a miniature on vellum of Prince James Francis Edward Stuart, the Old Pretender, with openwork shoulders, possibly England, about 1740

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Oman, C.C., Catalogue of Rings (London, 1930), p.119, no.789
Oman, Charles, British Rings: 800-1914 (London, 1974), cat.83 B
Bury, Shirley, Jewellery Gallery Summary Catalogue (London, 1982), p.215 (34 E 14)

Exhibition History

The Golden Age of the English Court: From Henry VIII to Charles I (Moscow Kremlin Museums 24 Oct 2012-27 Jan 2013)

Materials

Gold

Subjects depicted

Portraits; Miniatures (paintings); Stuart, James Francis Edward (Prince)

Categories

Metalwork; Royalty; Jewellery; Politics

Collection code

MET

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Qr_O126095
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