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  • Place of origin:

    Europe (west, made)

  • Date:

    ca. 1863 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:


  • Materials and Techniques:

    Enamelled gold with applied silver

  • Credit Line:

    Bequeathed by Rev. Chauncy Hare Townshend

  • Museum number:


  • Gallery location:

    Jewellery, Rooms 91, The William and Judith Bollinger Gallery, case 23, shelf D, box 20

Poland-Lithuania was partitioned between Russia and Prussia in 1795, leading to bitter struggles for independence and an unsuccessful uprising in 1863.
This ring was probably worn to symbolise support for Polish independence. It is decorated with the arms of both countries and the motto 'Uisque ad finem' (Never give up).

Physical description

Enamelled gold commemorative ring, the oval bezel with an applied silver shield bearing the arms of Poland and Lithuania with the motto 'Usque ad finem'. The shoulders enamelled blue and decorated with a sword, axe, bill and scythe.

Place of Origin

Europe (west, made)


ca. 1863 (made)



Materials and Techniques

Enamelled gold with applied silver

Marks and inscriptions

Shield bearing the arms of Poland and Lithuania

'Usque ad finem'


Height: 2.7 cm, Width: 2.5 cm, Depth: 1.3 cm

Object history note

Historical significance: The Poles started an revolt from Russian overlordship on 22 January 1863. On 8 February 1863, Prussia formed an alliance with Russia to put down the revolt and in March, Russia divided Poland in provinces.

Historical context note

Probably made abroad for a Polish resistance group

Descriptive line

Enamelled gold commemorative ring, a silver shield bearing the arms of Poland and Lithuania with the motto 'Usque ad finem' on the bezel and blue enamelled shoulders, made in Western Europe, about 1863.


Gold; Silver; Enamel



Subjects depicted

Battle-axes; Shields (motifs); Swords; Politics; Scythe; Bills (staff weapons)


Jewellery; Metalwork; Politics; Europeana Fashion Project


Metalwork Collection

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