Or are you looking for Search the Archives?

Please complete the form to email this item.

Educational board - Reversible Educational Board
  • Reversible Educational Board
    Cress Educational Boards
  • Enlarge image

Reversible Educational Board

  • Object:

    Educational board

  • Place of origin:

    USA (probably, made)

  • Date:

    1916 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Cress Educational Boards (manufacturer)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Fibreboard, metal and wood

  • Credit Line:

    Given by Daniel Agnew

  • Museum number:

    B.359-2012

  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

This Reversible Educational Board was patented in 1916. It features 53 movable tiles which can be arranged to make words and pictures.
Its inventor responded to shortages during the First World War by making the board out of sturdy laminated layers of fibreboard, instead of wood.

Physical description

Round board of laminated fibreboard, with slots to hold 53 wooden tiles, which move freely around a circular channel and into three horizontal slots. These wooden tiles are printed with capital letters on one side, and with words and pictures on the other. On the picture tiles, each animal is wearing a harness with reins, which allow series of animals to be joined up by placing the tiles side by side.
The board is painted red, and has a manufacturer's trade mark and patents on each side, and is decorated with a variety of black and white figures of animals and children.

Place of Origin

USA (probably, made)

Date

1916 (made)

Artist/maker

Cress Educational Boards (manufacturer)

Materials and Techniques

Fibreboard, metal and wood

Marks and inscriptions

TRADE MARK REG.
CRESS / EDUCATIONAL / BOARDS
PATENTED OCT 15 1912
PATENTED APRIL 29 1915
PATENTED MAY 23 1916
REVERSIBLE / EDUCATIONAL BOARD

Dimensions

Diameter: 35.5 cm

Object history note

'Cress Educational Boards' was the trademark of Horatio G. Cress, an inventor based in Miami, Ohio. Throughout the 1910s and 1920s he filed a number of patents for similar educational boards, which all involved tiles moving through slots in a pasteboard or fibreboard frame. He stated, "the object of this invention is to provide a simple and cheap education device for children's use". Cost and materials provided significant pressure during the First World War.

Descriptive line

Reversible board with movable tiles, Cress, patented 1916

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

United States Patent 1,184,326, May 23 1916.

Materials

Fibreboard; Metal; Wood

Techniques

Printing; Laminating; Printing

Categories

Children & Childhood; Education & Learning

Production Type

Mass produced

Collection

Museum of Childhood

Large image request

Please confirm you are using these images within the following terms and conditions, by acknowledging each of the following key points:

Please let us know how you intend to use the images you will be downloading.