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Tumbler - Shell and Jewel

Shell and Jewel

  • Object:


  • Place of origin:

    Pennsylvania (made)

  • Date:

    ca. 1890 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Westmoreland Glass Co. (manufacturer)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Press-moulded glass

  • Credit Line:

    Given by Mr Louis and Mrs Linda Tanner

  • Museum number:


  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

The technique of press-moulding glass with the aid of a hand-operated machine was first perfected in the United States of America in the early 1820s. It took only two people to shape a measured quantity of hot glass in a heated metal mould. By simply depressing a lever, a metal plunger was lowered into the glass, forcing it into the patterned mould. By the 1830s this method had spread to Europe and Britain, giving rise to stylistic changes and revolutionising the availability of glassware. The technique made the mid- to late 19th century the first period of true mass production. In the 1890s the introduction of steam-powered presses improved quality while cutting costs even further.
American pressed glass became a widely used popular household product and the manufacture process meant that it could be sold at a more affordable price than hand blown or cut glass. The American glass producers' inventiveness met the need for decorative yet practical objects for the home. A wide variety of patterns were developed simulating those on finest cut glass.

Physical description

Tumbler, of press-moulded glass tumbler with raised moulded jewels and swags / shell decoration to the exterior.

Place of Origin

Pennsylvania (made)


ca. 1890 (made)


Westmoreland Glass Co. (manufacturer)

Materials and Techniques

Press-moulded glass


Height: 9.6 cm, Diameter: 7.8 cm

Descriptive line

Tumbler, press-moulded glass with 'Shell and Jewel' pattern, manufactured by Westmoreland Glass Co., Pennsylvania, ca. 1890

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Webb-Lee, Ruth, 'Early American Pressed Glass' Ferris, New York, 1946.
Shadel Spilman, Jane, 'American and European Pressed Glass in the Corning Museum of Glass', Corning, New York, 1981.






Glass; Tableware & cutlery

Production Type

Mass produced


Ceramics Collection

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