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Stool - BM Horse Stool

BM Horse Stool

  • Object:


  • Place of origin:

    Amsterdam (designed)
    Italy (made)

  • Date:

    2000-2007 (designed)
    2008 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Pakhalé, Satyendra (designer)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Lost wax bell metal casting (bronze alloy with sandblasted surface coating)

  • Credit Line:

    Purchased by the Outset Design Fund

  • Museum number:


  • Gallery location:

    20th Century, Room 76, case 22

This stool’s story really begins four-thousand years ago in India with the invention of dhokra lost wax casting. This technique, used for most of its history for the production of folk idols, ornaments and interior items such as lamps, was adopted by the designer at the turn of the millennium to produce a set of matching furniture.

The stool was finally realised in 2008 after an eight-year process. Unsatisfied with the results he could achieve in India, the home of dhokra, it was in Italy that he finally managed to produce the sculptural furniture he desired.

The importance of this stool is that it revisits an ‘archaic’ technique generally associated with primitive art and produces a very modern and refined piece. The chunky form and decoration relates it back to traditional terracotta horse idols from Bankura in West Bengal. These objects are traditional votive offerings characterised by their rounded bodies and short leg, and are usually decorated with clay coils.

The raised-metal thread patterning is also characteristic of dhokra, and is a result of the casting process. The form of the object was first realised with a clay core, which covered with beeswax arranged in threads. A second layer of clay was then added on top, with vents so that the wax could escape. Molten metal was poured in, which melted and replaced the wax, and then, once cooled, the clay was broken away leaving the finished bronze form.

Physical description

Circular four-legged stool in cast bronze alloy in a flattened disc form. The sides bulge out beyond the seat and taper down into the legs. It is decorated all-over with characteristic dhokraraised-thread patterning. Sandblasted surface coated with deep-black patina.

Place of Origin

Amsterdam (designed)
Italy (made)


2000-2007 (designed)
2008 (made)


Pakhalé, Satyendra (designer)

Materials and Techniques

Lost wax bell metal casting (bronze alloy with sandblasted surface coating)


Height: 40 cm, Diameter: 73 cm, Weight: 60 kg

Object history note

For several years the designer attempted to make the stool in India but could not achieve the desired quality, hence the decision to have it made in Italy.

Descriptive line

'BM Horse Stool', bronze alloy with sandblasted surface coating, Satyendra Pakhalé, Italy, 2008

Production Note

edition of 7; plus 3 artist's proofs


Metal; Bronze


Casting; Coating; Sandblasting


Bronze; Furniture; Metalwork

Production Type

Artist's proof


Furniture and Woodwork Collection

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