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Tapestry - America

America

  • Object:

    Tapestry

  • Place of origin:

    France (designed)
    Aubusson (probably, woven)

  • Date:

    1855

  • Artist/Maker:

    de Lamornaix, Charles Sallandrouze (producer)
    Amedee, Jean-Baptiste (designer)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Tapestry-woven in wool and silk on cotton

  • Museum number:

    T.209-1969

  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

Tapestry produced by Charles Sallandrouze de Lamornaix after a design by Jean-Baptiste Amedee Couder, Aubusson, France, 1855.

This tapestry has been woven in wool and silk on cotton, and showes an allegory of America. In the centre foreground a snake rears above a chest of jewels is surrounded by fruits and flowers. Behind are draped two flags, one is the Star and Stripes of which only a part is visible, and the Flag of the Republic of Haiti with a central device of a palm tree surmounted by a Cap of Liberty. Exotic birds and insects fly among the background plants, cactus and a type of palm tree.

Physical description

Tapestry woven in wool and silk on cotton, and showing an allegory of America. In the centre foreground a snake rears above a chest of jewels is surrounded by fruits and flowers. Behind are draped two flags, one is the Star and Stripes of which only a part is visible, and the Flag of the Republic of Haiti with a central device of a palm tree surmounted by a Cap of Liberty. Exotic birds and insects fly among the background plants, cactus and a type of palm tree.

The border, in stone colours, has a sill carved with a dolphin at the lower edge, fluted pilasters at the sides, and an arch decorated with grotesque masks.

Apart from the deep vibrant red in the flag, birds and flowers, the tonality of the tapestry is subdued with pale creams, greens and browns.

Woven in wool and silk on cotton warp, 16 to 21 warp threads to the inch.

Place of Origin

France (designed)
Aubusson (probably, woven)

Date

1855

Artist/maker

de Lamornaix, Charles Sallandrouze (producer)
Amedee, Jean-Baptiste (designer)

Materials and Techniques

Tapestry-woven in wool and silk on cotton

Dimensions

Width: 1410 mm top edge, Width: 1390 mm bottom edge, Weight: 14 kg, Length: 2930 mm proper right, Length: 2920 mm proper left

Object history note

From a set of continents. Identical with one of the four allegorical paintings in the Grand Staircase at the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden. The paintings are unattributed.

Our records are informed by research done by Jean-Francois Luneau and Bruno Ythier - publication of their research is forthcoming.

Descriptive line

Tapestry, America, wool and silk on cotton, produced by Charles Sallandrouze de Lamornaix after a design by Jean-Baptiste Amedee Couder, Aubusson, France, 1855

Labels and date

'American and European Art and Design 1800-1900'

Unlike its companion piece, Africa, this tapestry contains a clue to the date of its design. The more prominent flag is that of the Republic of Haiti, recognised by France in 1825. The cartoons are most likely to have been painted shortly after this, during the presidency of Jean-Pierre Boyer under whom the whole island was united from 1822 to 1843. These two tapestries may have been woven later, having cotton warp which was unusual in the first half of the century. [1987-2006]

Materials

Wool and silk

Techniques

Weaving

Categories

Textiles; Tapestry; Wall coverings

Collection

Textiles and Fashion Collection

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