Image of Gallery in South Kensington
On display at V&A South Kensington
Request to view at the Prints & Drawings Study Room, level F , Case X, Shelf 980, Box F

Badminton at 'Riposo'

Photograph
early 20th century (photographed)
Artist/Maker
Place Of Origin

Andrew Pitcairn-Knowles (born Rotterdam 1871, died Hastings 1956) was a pioneering photographic journalist who published his work in the new illustrated magazines of the late 19th and early 20th century. From the turn of the century he travelled around Europe, living in Berlin, Brussels, Paris and Jersey. With his eye for detail, timing and geometry, he accurately captured the leisure activities, sports and customs of the period. Besides their documentary value, his photographs have a quirky and almost surreal quality.
‘Riposo’ (Italian for ‘rest’ or ‘repose’) was a Health Hydro & Dietetic Sanatorium in St. Helen’s Park, Hastings, Sussex. It was founded by Andrew Pitcairn-Knowles in 1913, as one of the first health resorts in the United Kingdom which employed Nature Cure. Nature Cure, or ‘Naturopathy’ as it s sometimes called, is a particular approach in itself but is also the basis of most alternative therapies. One of the fundamental principles of the cure is that illness results from the accumulation of toxins or waste in the body, as a result of an unnatural way of living. Pitcairn-Knowles promoted a variety of treatments: Hydropathy (water and steam applications), Heliotheraphy (sun, air and light treatment), Dietetics, Physical Culture (exercises, manual therapy and massage), the Guelpa Cure and the Schroth Cure. In Riposo many diseases were treated (among others obesity, mental depression, hysteria, insomnia, liver and kidney troubles, rheumatism and skin diseases) but was also open to healthy people.
Of all the cures Pitcairn-Knowles seems to have been most interested in the ‘Schroth Cure.’ It was invented by Johann Schroth around 1718. He prescribed patients to sleep in wet sheets ( called ‘wet packs’) and follow a ‘dry diet’. This diet consisted of four meals a week (only rice, sago, porridge or potatoes) and stale bread in addition. Because Schroth believed copious drinking would weaken the patients, the only fluid they were allowed to drink was wine, on four days a week. This helped them to overcome the weariness that the ‘dry diet’ caused.
Photography was an important tool for Andrew Pitcairn-Knowles during the time he ran ‘Riposo’. He documented treatments, produced educational material and traced the history and methods of the ‘Schroth’ Cure. During a visit to Schroth’s hometown Lindewiese in Austria (now Czech Republic), Pitcairn-Knowles asked villagers to demonstrate the experiments with ‘wet packs’ that Schroth had applied to animals. Pitcairn-Knowles added photographs such as these to his ‘pictorial description of the great healer’s methods.’ Andrew Pitcairn-Knowles, and later his son Gordon Pitcairn-Knowles, used lantern slides to illustrate their lectures on cures. Some photo’s may also have been displayed at an exhibition at Riposo, to inform visitors about the cures employed at the estabablishment. ‘Riposo’ closed in 1962.


object details
Categories
Object Type
Materials and Techniques
Gelatine-silver print, glued on cardboard
Brief Description
'Badminton at 'Riposo'', photograph by Andrew Pitcairn-Knowles, Hastings, early 20th century.
Physical Description
This photograph shows four women playing badminton outdoors. Two others are sitting in front of a chalet, watching the game.
Dimensions
  • Height: 38.3cm
  • Width: 50.0cm
Marks and Inscriptions
  • 'BADMINTON AT 'RIPOSO'' (Andrew Pitcairn-Knowles' writing, front, white paint (probably).)
  • 'PHYSICAL CULTURE IN THE CHILDREN'S AIR BATH' (Andrew Pitcairn-Knowles' writing, verso, pencil (possibly).)
  • 'Physical Culture in the Children's Airbath' (Andrew Pitcairn-Knowles' writing, verso, pencil (probably).)
Credit line
Purchased through the Cecil Beaton Royalties Fund
Object history
Pitcairn-Knowles Archive purchased from Andrew Pitcairn-Knowles' grandson Richard Pitcairn-Knowles.
Historical context
Andrew Pitcairn-Knowles (born Rotterdam 1871, died Hastings 1956) was a pioneering photographic journalist who published his work in the new illustrated magazines of the late 19th and early 20th century. From the turn of the century he travelled around Europe, living in Berlin, Brussels, Paris and Jersey. With his eye for detail, timing and geometry, he accurately captured the leisure activities, sports and customs of the period. Besides their documentary value, his photographs have a quirky and almost surreal quality.

‘Riposo’ (Italian for ‘rest’ or ‘repose’) was a Health Hydro & Dietetic Sanatorium in St. Helen’s Park, Hastings, Sussex. It was founded by Andrew Pitcairn-Knowles in 1913, as one of the first health resorts in the United Kingdom which employed Nature Cure. Nature Cure, or ‘Naturopathy’ as it s sometimes called, is a particular approach in itself but is also the basis of most alternative therapies. One of the fundamental principles of the cure is that illness results from the accumulation of toxins or waste in the body, as a result of an unnatural way of living. Pitcairn-Knowles promoted a variety of treatments: Hydropathy (water and steam applications), Heliotheraphy (sun, air and light treatment), Dietetics, Physical Culture (exercises, manual therapy and massage), the Guelpa Cure and the Schroth Cure. In Riposo many diseases were treated (among others obesity, mental depression, hysteria, insomnia, liver and kidney troubles, rheumatism and skin diseases) but was also open to healthy people.

Of all the cures Pitcairn-Knowles seems to have been most interested in the ‘Schroth Cure.’ It was invented by Johann Schroth around 1718. He prescribed patients to sleep in wet sheets ( called ‘wet packs’) and follow a ‘dry diet’. This diet consisted of four meals a week (only rice, sago, porridge or potatoes) and stale bread in addition. Because Schroth believed copious drinking would weaken the patients, the only fluid they were allowed to drink was wine, on four days a week. This helped them to overcome the weariness that the ‘dry diet’ caused.

Photography was an important tool for Andrew Pitcairn-Knowles during the time he ran ‘Riposo’. He documented treatments, produced educational material and traced the history and methods of the ‘Schroth’ Cure. During a visit to Schroth’s hometown Lindewiese in Austria (now Czech Republic), Pitcairn-Knowles asked villagers to demonstrate the experiments with ‘wet packs’ that Schroth had applied to animals. Pitcairn-Knowles added photographs such as these to his ‘pictorial description of the great healer’s methods.’ Andrew Pitcairn-Knowles, and later his son Gordon Pitcairn-Knowles, used lantern slides to illustrate their lectures on cures. Some photo’s may also have been displayed at an exhibition at Riposo, to inform visitors about the cures employed at the estabablishment. ‘Riposo’ closed in 1962.
Production
Riposo Health Hydro & Dietetic Sanatorium, St. Helen's Park, Hastings, Sussex, United Kingdom.
Subjects depicted
Summary
Andrew Pitcairn-Knowles (born Rotterdam 1871, died Hastings 1956) was a pioneering photographic journalist who published his work in the new illustrated magazines of the late 19th and early 20th century. From the turn of the century he travelled around Europe, living in Berlin, Brussels, Paris and Jersey. With his eye for detail, timing and geometry, he accurately captured the leisure activities, sports and customs of the period. Besides their documentary value, his photographs have a quirky and almost surreal quality.

‘Riposo’ (Italian for ‘rest’ or ‘repose’) was a Health Hydro & Dietetic Sanatorium in St. Helen’s Park, Hastings, Sussex. It was founded by Andrew Pitcairn-Knowles in 1913, as one of the first health resorts in the United Kingdom which employed Nature Cure. Nature Cure, or ‘Naturopathy’ as it s sometimes called, is a particular approach in itself but is also the basis of most alternative therapies. One of the fundamental principles of the cure is that illness results from the accumulation of toxins or waste in the body, as a result of an unnatural way of living. Pitcairn-Knowles promoted a variety of treatments: Hydropathy (water and steam applications), Heliotheraphy (sun, air and light treatment), Dietetics, Physical Culture (exercises, manual therapy and massage), the Guelpa Cure and the Schroth Cure. In Riposo many diseases were treated (among others obesity, mental depression, hysteria, insomnia, liver and kidney troubles, rheumatism and skin diseases) but was also open to healthy people.

Of all the cures Pitcairn-Knowles seems to have been most interested in the ‘Schroth Cure.’ It was invented by Johann Schroth around 1718. He prescribed patients to sleep in wet sheets ( called ‘wet packs’) and follow a ‘dry diet’. This diet consisted of four meals a week (only rice, sago, porridge or potatoes) and stale bread in addition. Because Schroth believed copious drinking would weaken the patients, the only fluid they were allowed to drink was wine, on four days a week. This helped them to overcome the weariness that the ‘dry diet’ caused.

Photography was an important tool for Andrew Pitcairn-Knowles during the time he ran ‘Riposo’. He documented treatments, produced educational material and traced the history and methods of the ‘Schroth’ Cure. During a visit to Schroth’s hometown Lindewiese in Austria (now Czech Republic), Pitcairn-Knowles asked villagers to demonstrate the experiments with ‘wet packs’ that Schroth had applied to animals. Pitcairn-Knowles added photographs such as these to his ‘pictorial description of the great healer’s methods.’ Andrew Pitcairn-Knowles, and later his son Gordon Pitcairn-Knowles, used lantern slides to illustrate their lectures on cures. Some photo’s may also have been displayed at an exhibition at Riposo, to inform visitors about the cures employed at the estabablishment. ‘Riposo’ closed in 1962.
Bibliographic Reference
Pitcairn-Knowles, Richard. The Edwardian eye of Andrew Pitcairn-Knowles 1871-1056. Sussex: The Book Guild Ltd, 2000. Pitcairn-Knowles, Andrew, ‘Eve and Adam strictly segregated: A Hastings Eden where the question of fashion is not pressing’ in The Sketch, Vol. LXXXIII, No. 1069, July 23, 1913, p. 8-9. Pitcairn-Knowles, Andrew, The History and Development of the Schroth Cure: With an Explanation of Many Important Details of the Treatment, The Knowles Hydro Hardback, ca. 1930. Pitcairn-Knowles, Andrew, The Original Schroth Elimination Cure. Pitcairn-Knowles, Andrew, The Wet Sheet Pack. Pitcairn-Knowles, Andrew, ‘The Schroth Regeneration Cure’ in The Health & Nature Cure Handbook, Nature Cure Educational Association Hardback, vol. I, 1931 Pitcairn-Knowles, Andrew, ‘The Guelpa Disintoxification Cure’ in The Health & Nature Cure Handbook, Nature Cure Educational Association Hardback, vol. I, 1931. Pitcairn-Knowles, Andrew, ‘The Schroth Cure, The Great Poison Eliminator’ in The Health & Nature Cure Handbook, Nature Cure Educational Association Hardback, vol. II, 1932. Pitcairn-Knowles, Andrew, ‘Using Earth for Healing’ in The Health & Nature Cure Handbook, Nature Cure Educational Association Hardback, vol. II, 1932. Pitcairn-Knowles, Andrew, ‘Children’s Ailments and How to Treat Them’ in The Health & Nature Cure Handbook, Nature Cure Educational Association Hardback, vol. III, 1934. Pitcairn-Knowles, Andrew, ‘Nature Cure on the Continent - The Schroth Cure wins new followers’ in Health & Life, May 1937. Pitcairn-Knowles, Andrew, ‘Nature Cure on the Continent - Nature Cure’s Big Push in Dresden’ in Health & Life, May 1938. Pitcairn-Knowles, Andrew, ‘Nature Cure on the Continent - Health Wisdom among Russian Peasants’ in Health & Life, May 1939. Pitcairn-Knowles, Andrew. several articles in Health for All.
Collection
Accession Number
E.779-2005

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record createdMay 19, 2006
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