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Line after line of washing

  • Object:

    Photograph

  • Place of origin:

    Blankenberge (photographed)

  • Date:

    early 20th century (photographed)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Pitcairn-Knowles, Andrew, born 1871 - died 1956 (photographer)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Gelatine-silver print

  • Credit Line:

    Purchased through the Cecil Beaton Royalties Fund

  • Museum number:

    E.3475-2004

  • Gallery location:

    Prints & Drawings Study Room, level F, case X, shelf 980, box L

Andrew Pitcairn-Knowles (born Rotterdam 1871, died Hastings 1956) was a pioneering photographic journalist who published his work in the new illustrated magazines of the late 19th and early 20th century. From the turn of the century he travelled around Europe, living in Berlin, Brussels, Paris and Jersey. With his eye for detail, timing and geometry, he accurately captured the leisure activities, sports and customs of the period. Besides their documentary value, his photographs have a quirky and almost surreal quality.
Leisure time is the main theme of Andrew Pitcairn-Knowles’ work. It is his biggest interest as such and can also be found in his ‘sports photography’ (a term which in fact sometimes has been used including leisure activities like travel en picnicking) and to a lesser extent, in his photographs about customs. Leisure time emerged in the late nineteenth century in the industrialized West, which resulted in new forms of leisure activities. Pitcairn-Knowles was particularly interested in big organised festivities and events such as dog racing, horse racing, fairs, the derby, markets and the carnival. He photographed the higher classes as well as the lower classes: from neatly dressed ladies in a rabbit race contest to a boy catching rats for rat-baiting. In almost every series the spectators play a big role.
At the seaside resort of Ostend, Belgium, Pitcairn-Knowles combined his passion for sports and games with his interest in people and their customs. He recorded all kinds of leisure activities on and near the beach: the motor races, dog races, shrimpers, and children riding sand yachts.

Physical description

A photograph of many washing lines behind the beach huts, the beach huts themselves, the sea and a pier.

Place of Origin

Blankenberge (photographed)

Date

early 20th century (photographed)

Artist/maker

Pitcairn-Knowles, Andrew, born 1871 - died 1956 (photographer)

Materials and Techniques

Gelatine-silver print

Marks and inscriptions

'015/7'
Donor's reference, verso, pencil.

'0144708'
Topham Picture Library reference number, verso, pencil.

'A. PITCAIRN-KNOWLES, / RIPOSO, / ST. HELEN'S PARK, / HASTINGS.'
Verso, stamp.

'REPRODUCTION INTERDITE / COPYRIGHT'
Verso, stamp.

Dimensions

Height: 12.0 cm, Width: 16.3 cm

Object history note

Pitcairn-Knowles Archive purchased from Andrew Pitcairn-Knowles' grandson Richard Pitcairn-Knowles.

Historical context note

Andrew Pitcairn-Knowles (born Rotterdam 1871, died Hastings 1956) was a pioneering photographic journalist who published his work in the new illustrated magazines of the late 19th and early 20th century. From the turn of the century he travelled around Europe, living in Berlin, Brussels, Paris and Jersey. With his eye for detail, timing and geometry, he accurately captured the leisure activities, sports and customs of the period. Besides their documentary value, his photographs have a quirky and almost surreal quality.
Leisure time is the main theme of Andrew Pitcairn-Knowles’ work. It is his biggest interest as such and can also be found in his ‘sports photography’ (a term which in fact sometimes has been used including leisure activities like travel en picnicking) and to a lesser extent, in his photographs about customs. Leisure time emerged in the late nineteenth century in the industrialized West, which resulted in new forms of leisure activities. Pitcairn-Knowles was particularly interested in big organised festivities and events such as dog racing, horse racing, fairs, the derby, markets and the carnival. He photographed the higher classes as well as the lower classes: from neatly dressed ladies in a rabbit race contest to a boy catching rats for rat-baiting. In almost every series the spectators play a big role.
At the seaside resort of Ostend, Belgium, Pitcairn-Knowles combined his passion for sports and games with his interest in people and their customs. He recorded all kinds of leisure activities on and near the beach: the motor races, dog races, shrimpers, and children riding sand yachts.

Descriptive line

'Line after line of washing', photograph by Andrew Pitcairn-Knowles, Blankenberge, early 20th century.

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Pitcairn-Knowles, Richard. The Edwardian eye of Andrew Pitcairn-Knowles 1871-1056. Sussex: The Book Guild Ltd, 2000.
Pitcairn-Knowles, Andrew, ’Oftend im Bade’ in Die Woche, 1 September 1906.
Pitcairn-Knowles, Andrew, ’Oftenden Seezungen’, in Die Woche, 30 November 1907.

Labels and date

These photographs capture the distinct style of Edwardian
b e a c hwear. In the bottom photograph the costumes hang against
the blank background of the sky, giving the composition a graphic
quality. In the top photograph the sheer volume of clothing
indicates the high number of people on the beach.
Line after line of washing
Blankenberge, Belgium
About 1900
Museum no. E.3475-2004
Two lines of washing
Blankenberge, Belgium
About 1900
Museum no. E.3474-2004 []

Subjects depicted

Swimsuits; Beaches

Categories

Photographs; Entertainment & Leisure

Collection

Prints, Drawings & Paintings Collection

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