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Diadem
  • Diadem
    Castellani, Alessandro, born 1823 - died 1883
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Diadem

  • Place of origin:

    Rome (made)

  • Date:

    1860-1880 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Castellani, Alessandro, born 1823 - died 1883 (maker)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Gold, with glass beads, pearls and enamel

  • Museum number:

    640-1884

  • Gallery location:

    Jewellery, Rooms 91, The William and Judith Bollinger Gallery, case 21, shelf B, box 1

This diadem is a copy made by the firm of Castellani of an Etruscan original of 300-200 BC, thought to have been found in Cumae and now in the Campana collection in the Louvre, Paris. This copy was acquired by the Museum from the collection of Alessandro Castellani in 1884.

There are at least four other known copies in public and private collections. One copy was shown at the International Exhibition in London in 1862 where the Castellani display attracted so much attention that a policeman had to be engaged to keep the crowds under control.

Physical description

Diadem. A reproduction of an antique original found in the Crimea. Gold, floral openwork combined with pearls and beads and enriched with enamel with a row of serrated leaves along the top of the back from which spring blue berries.

Place of Origin

Rome (made)

Date

1860-1880 (made)

Artist/maker

Castellani, Alessandro, born 1823 - died 1883 (maker)

Materials and Techniques

Gold, with glass beads, pearls and enamel

Dimensions

Height: 1.25 in, Diameter: 7 in

Object history note

Historical significance: Copy of an Etruscan original of 300-200 BC, thought to have been found in Cumae and now in the Campana collection in the Louvre, Paris. Acquired from the collection of Alessandro Castellani.
There is discussion of Cumae diadems in Soros (see references), including a list of other examples. There is one in the National Museum of Dublin, Ireland. One in the Villa Giulia, Rome. One in private hands has, since the Bard exhibition in 2004, entered the collection of the Metropolitan Museum, New York. One in the collection of the Sataloff and Cluchey family is illustrated by Diana Scarisbrick, Tiara, San Francisco, 2000 (catalogue of an exhibition in the Museum of Fine Art, Boston), pp. 100-101.

Descriptive line

'Cumae' diadem, Italy, about 1860-80; made by Castellani Gold, with pearls, glass beads and enamel

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Soros, Susan Weber and Stefanie Walker, eds. Castellani and Italian Archaeological Jewelry. Published for the Bard Graduate Center, New York, by Yale University Press, New Haven and London, 2004. No. 197.
Gaultier, Françoise and Catherine Metzger. Trésors antiques: Bijoux de la collection Campana. Paris: Musée du Louvre Éditions. Cat. no. II.102

Materials

Gold; Enamel; Glass; Pearl

Techniques

Enamelling; Stone setting

Categories

Jewellery; Metalwork; Europeana Fashion Project

Collection

Metalwork Collection

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