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Ring
  • Ring
    Unknown Calandrelli, Giovanni, born 1748 - died 1852
  • Enlarge image

Ring

  • Place of origin:

    Italy

  • Date:

    mid 19th century (altered)
    mid 19th century (intaglio)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Unknown
    Calandrelli, Giovanni, born 1748 - died 1852 (maker)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Peridot intaglio set in gold

  • Credit Line:

    Bequeathed by the Rev. Chauncy Hare Townshend

  • Museum number:

    1300-1869

  • Gallery location:

    Jewellery, Rooms 91, The William and Judith Bollinger Gallery, case 50, shelf F, box 62

This ring forms part of a collection of 154 gems bequeathed to the V&A by the Reverend Chauncy Hare Townshend, a cleric and poet. Sir A. H. Church gave additional specimens in 1913. He also compiled the first catalogue Precious Stones: A Guide to the Townshend Collection. The first edition appeared in 1883. The stones are mounted as rings, although they may not have been intended to be worn.

Physical description

Peridot intaglio of Apollo and a lizard set in a gold mount, the intaglio signed (in Greek) by Giovanni Calandrelli

Place of Origin

Italy

Date

mid 19th century (altered)
mid 19th century (intaglio)

Artist/maker

Unknown
Calandrelli, Giovanni, born 1748 - died 1852 (maker)

Materials and Techniques

Peridot intaglio set in gold

Marks and inscriptions

'Giovanni Calandrelli'
makers signature in Greek

Dimensions

Height: 2.2 cm, Width: 2.4 cm, Depth: 2 cm

Object history note

The Reverend Chauncy Hare Townshend bequeathed his important collection of 154 gems to the South Kensington Museum (now the V&A) in 1869. Although the collection is not as comprehensive as that found at the Natural History Museum, it is of particular historic interest as its formation pre-dates the development of many synthetic gemstones and artificial enhancements. All the stones were mounted as rings before they came to the Museum, mainly in a series of standardised gold settings, often of the coronet or galleried type. However, several specimens are set with greater elaboration, with diamond borders surrounding the central stone. Some of these were originally in the possession of Henry Philip Hope (d.1839), a brother of the novelist and antiquary Thomas Hope (c. 1770-1831). H.P. Hope formed a famous collection of diamonds and precious stones which was largely inherited by his three nephews. His collection, which included the Hope blue diamond, now in the Smithsonian Institution, Washington, was catalogued by B. Hertz in 1839.
Townshend is recorded as having made purchases from it and his acquisitions are noted below. He also seems to have remounted several of his purchases, in whole or in part.

A set of Calandrelli drawings for gems can be found in the Antikensammlung Berlin.

Descriptive line

Peridot intaglio of Apollo and a lizard set in gold, the intaglio signed (in Greek) by Giovanni Calandrelli (1748-1852), mid 19th century.

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Sir A H Church, Precious Stones: A Guide to the Townshend Collection, 1883
Clare Phillips, Jewels and Jewellery, V&A Publications 2000.

Production Note

The peridot is from the HP Hope collection but was probably reset by Townshend in the mid nineteenth century.

Materials

Gold; Peridot

Subjects depicted

Lizard

Categories

Jewellery; Metalwork

Collection

Metalwork Collection

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