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Dish
  • Dish
    Deck, Joseph-Théodore, born 1823 - died 1891
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Dish

  • Place of origin:

    Paris (made)

  • Date:

    1867 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Deck, Joseph-Théodore, born 1823 - died 1891 (manufacturer)
    Escallier, Eléonore-Caroline, born 1827 - died 1888 (decorator)
    Escallier, Eléonore-Caroline, born 1827 - died 1888 (painter)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Earthenware with painted decoration in coloured enamels

  • Museum number:

    703-1869

  • Gallery location:

    Ceramics, Room 139, The Curtain Foundation Gallery, case 36, shelf 8

Joseph-Théodore Deck (1823-1891), born in Guebwiller, Alsace, was apprenticed to a traditional stove-making firm in Strasbourg, learning his trade there and then in other centres in Germany and Austria. He moved to Paris in about 1851 as overseer for the Dumas stove and tile firm, and in 1855 opened his own studio and, later his own retail shop, with his brother Xavier. He invited many well-known painters of the day to design decorations and also to paint some wares directly. This dish, by Marie-Caroline-Eléonore Escallier-Légérot (1827-1888) is such an example. Deck specialised in researching glazes and colours, inspired by the ceramics of the Middle and Far East. In 1887, only three years before his death, he became Director of the National Manufactory at Sèvres.

Physical description

Earthenware dish with painted decoration in coloured enamels on white ground, showing a long-tailed, crested bird sitting on a branch of prunus blossom , above white and green vegetation.

Place of Origin

Paris (made)

Date

1867 (made)

Artist/maker

Deck, Joseph-Théodore, born 1823 - died 1891 (manufacturer)
Escallier, Eléonore-Caroline, born 1827 - died 1888 (decorator)
Escallier, Eléonore-Caroline, born 1827 - died 1888 (painter)

Materials and Techniques

Earthenware with painted decoration in coloured enamels

Marks and inscriptions

'TH Deck 1867' on rverse; 'EEscallier' painted in black on obverse

Dimensions

Diameter: 61 cm

Object history note

Bought from Joseph-Théodore Deck after being shown in the Paris 1867 Exhibition.

Historical context note

With his brother F. Xavier, Deck had a workshop in Paris for making decorative earthenware from the 1850s. He involved artists such as Felix Bracquemond, Albert Anker and Eléonore Escallier in decorating his products. Marie-Caroline-Eléonore Escallier-Légérot, (1827-1888) born in Jura, was a painter of flower and fruit still-lifes. She also worked under J.-C. Ziegler at the Dijon Ecole des Beaux-Arts and with Ernest Chaplet at the Laurin factory, Bourg-la-Reine, using the "barbotine" technique of 'painting in thick, coloured clays (slip) which he developed in imitation of 'impasto'easel painting.

Descriptive line

Dish, made by Joseph-Théodore Deck, with painted decoration by Eléonore Escallier-Légérot, Paris, 1867

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Coutts, Howard, Emile Gallé and the Origins of Art Nouveau(County Durham, The Bowes Museum, 2007). ISBN 0-9548182-6-7.

Labels and date

With his brother F. Xavier, Deck had a workshop in Paris for making decorative earthenware from the 1850s onwards. He involved artists such as Felix Bracquemond, Albert Anker, Reiber and Eléonore Escallier in decorating his products, often with portraits, landscapes or scenes from everyday life. Marie-Caroline-Eléonore Escallier, born in Jura, was a painter of flower and fruit still-lives. She has here produced one of the first pieces in the Japanese manner. Shown at the Paris Universal Exhibition of 1867, it was bought from Deck. []
DISH

703-1869

'American and European Art and Design 1800-1900'

Deck had a workshop in Paris for making decorative earthenware from the 1850s onwards. He involved artists such as Bracquemond, Reiber and Escallier in decorating his products, often with portraits, landscape scenes from everyday life. Escallier, a painter of flower and fruit still-lifes, has here produced one of the first pieces in the Japanese manner. Shown at the Paris Universal Exhibition of 1867, it was bought from Deck. [1987-2006]

Materials

Earthenware; Enamel

Techniques

Painted; Enamelling

Subjects depicted

Bird; Leaves

Categories

Earthenware; Ceramics

Collection

Ceramics Collection

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