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  • Place of origin:

    Europe (Western, made)

  • Date:

    ca. 1400 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:


  • Materials and Techniques:

    Copper alloy, stamped and engraved; amethyst

  • Museum number:


  • Gallery location:

    Medieval & Renaissance, Room 10a, The Françoise and Georges Selz Gallery, case 4

The inscription upon this ring is translated from the French, the language of courtly love, as 'with great love'. Rings with such amorous inscriptions show that they were intended as tokens of love, exchanged between lovers. Rings were used to mark betrothals and weddings, but it is impossible today to distinguish these different uses.

Physical description

Copper alloy ring, the projecting bezel now set with an amethyst, the shoulders stamped with roses. The hoop inscribed in black letter 'par / grant / amour'.

Place of Origin

Europe (Western, made)


ca. 1400 (made)



Materials and Techniques

Copper alloy, stamped and engraved; amethyst

Marks and inscriptions

'par / grant / amour'
through/ with great love
Around the hoop, inscribed in black letter


Height: 1.1 cm, Width: 2 cm, Depth: 1.1 cm, Diameter: 2.9 cm

Object history note

Found at Cardiff. Ex Harman-Oates Collection

This ring is made of base metal and set with an amethyst. Whilst gems were expensive in this period, the use of base metal may indicate that the owner could not afford an item of jewellery made of gold or silver.

Descriptive line

Latten (copper alloy) ring, the projecting bezel re-set with an amethyst, the shoulders stamped with roses. The hoop inscribed in black letters 'par / grant / amour', west Europe, ca.1400

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Bury, Shirley, Rings, HMSO, 1984
Ward, Anne, Cherry, John, Gere, Charlotte, Cartlidge, Barbara, The Ring: From Antiquity to the Twentieth Century, Thames and Hudson, London, 1981
Taylor, Gerald, Scarisbrick, Diana, Finger Rings: From Ancient Egypt to the Present Day, Lund Humphries, London, 1978
Scarisbrick, Diana, Rings: Symbols of Wealth and Power, Thames and Hudson, London, 1993
Oman, Charles, British Rings 800-1914, B.T. Batsford Ltd, London, 1974


Copper alloy; Amethyst


Stamped; Engraved

Subjects depicted



Jewellery; Metalwork; Europeana Fashion Project


Metalwork Collection

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