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Christ and Nine Apostles

  • Object:

    Capital

  • Place of origin:

    Spain (Probably central North Spain, made)

  • Date:

    ca. 1175-1200 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Unknown

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Carved pink limestone

  • Credit Line:

    Given by J.H. Fitzhenry Esq.

  • Museum number:

    899-1906

  • Gallery location:

    Medieval & Renaissance, Room 8, The William and Eileen Ruddock Gallery, case WN, shelf EXP

This 12th-century capital is square, surmounted by a projection on the right-hand side. The figures of Christ and nine Apostles stand under round arches separated by twisted columns.
It is probable that the remaining three Apostles were carved on a separate piece, attached on the left-hand side, and now missing.

The style and composition of the capital point to an origin in central North Spain. A frieze in the church of Agüero (Aragon) shows figures with similar draperies and facial types.

Physical description

The capital is square topped with a projection on the right-hand side. The figures of Christ and nine Apostles stand under round arches and are separated by twisted columns : Christ in the centre. Above is a moulding interrupted by arched projections, inscribed with the names of Christ and the Apostles in incised uncials (a form of writing found in Greek and Latin manuscripts of the 3rd to 9th centuries using majascule letters of rounded form). It is probable that the remaining three Apostles were carved on a separate piece, attached to the left-hand side. The capital is in reasonably good condition : there are minor breaks , three of the columns on the right side are broken, and the entire surface is covered with a layer of dirt.

Place of Origin

Spain (Probably central North Spain, made)

Date

ca. 1175-1200 (made)

Artist/maker

Unknown

Materials and Techniques

Carved pink limestone

Marks and inscriptions

'IVDA' : BARTOLOM : TOMAS : PETRVS : IEHS : PAVL' : ANDREAS : IACOB' : FILIP' : MATE' : SIMON'
Judas : Bartholomew : Thomas : Peter Jesus : Paul : Andrew : Jacob : Phillip : Matthew : Simon

Dimensions

Height: 31.8 cm, Width: 61.5 cm, Depth: 49 cm

Object history note

The style and composition of the capital point to an origin in central North Spain. A frieze in the church of Agüero (Aragon) shows figures with similar draperies and facial types. A capital of the same type currently resides in the church of Santa Maria at Tirgo, with just five standing figures under arches.
Given by Mr J. H. Fitzhenry.

Descriptive line

Capital, Christ and nine Apostles, carved stone, Spain, ca. 1175-1200

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

List of Works of Art Acquired by the Victoria and Albert Museum in the Years 1905 - 1908. In: List of Works of Art Acquired by the Victoria and Albert Museum, During the Year 1906, Arranged According to the Dates of Acquisition with Appendix and Indices. London: Printed for His Majesty's Stationery Office, by Eyre and Spottiswoode, Limited, 1909, p. 150
Hourihane, Colum, ed. Objects, Images and the Word: Art in the Service of the Liturgy. Princeton, 2003, p. 118, fig. 8
Williamson, Paul. Catalogue of Romanesque Sculpture. Victoria & Albert Museum, London 1983, p. 105, cat.no. 50

Labels and date

CAPITAL WITH CHRIST AND THE NINE APOSTLES
Limestone
NORTHERN SPANISH: about 1175-1200
Given by J.H. Fitzhenry
899-1906 []

Materials

Limestone

Techniques

Carving

Subjects depicted

Columns; Arches; Figures

Categories

Architecture; Christianity; Religion; Sculpture

Collection

Sculpture Collection

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