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Drawing - A mill on the banks of the River Stour
  • A mill on the banks of the River Stour
    John Constable, born 1776 - died 1837
  • Enlarge image

A mill on the banks of the River Stour

  • Object:

    Drawing

  • Place of origin:

    River Stour (drawn)

  • Date:

    03/10/1802 (drawn)

  • Artist/Maker:

    John Constable, born 1776 - died 1837 (drawn by)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Black chalk, charcoal and traces of red chalk on paper

  • Credit Line:

    Given by Isabel Constable, daughter of the artist

  • Museum number:

    841-1888

  • Gallery location:

    Prints & Drawings Study Room, level H, case PD, shelf 327

This drawing of a mill on a peaceful stretch of the Stour, made in 1802, the year Constable first exhibited at the Royal Academy, received a new lease on life in 1810, when an engraving was made after it. Constable may have made an oil painting or watercolour after the drawing, but this has so far not been identified.

Physical description

Chalk and charcoal drawing of a mill on the banks of the River Stour. Part of the reflection of the mill may be seen in the calm water.

Place of Origin

River Stour (drawn)

Date

03/10/1802 (drawn)

Artist/maker

John Constable, born 1776 - died 1837 (drawn by)

Materials and Techniques

Black chalk, charcoal and traces of red chalk on paper

Marks and inscriptions

'3 Octr. Noon 1802'
Inscribed on the back in pencil by the artist. This inscription is repeated i nink by another hand. The last figure in Constable's inscription might be read as '3', but the ink copy is clear.

Dimensions

Height: 240 mm, Width: 298 mm

Object history note

An engraving (with slight variations) was made after this drawing by J. Ogborne and published by Thomas Thane in 1810. Inscribed 'J. Constable pinxt.', this may suggest that Constable made an oil painting or watercolour from the drawing.

Historical context note

In 1802, the year he made this drawing, Constable exhibited at the Royal Academy for the first time; the entry, listed as 'A Landscape' in the catalogue, has not yet been identified.

'Constable exhibited for the first time at the Royal Academy in 1802, his entry being called 'A Landscape'; this painting has not yet been identified. He visited Windsor in May (see Nos. 33-35), and was at East Bergholt in the summer and autumn.'

[G Reynolds]

Descriptive line

Drawing of a mill on the banks of the River Stour, by John Constable

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

G. Reynolds, Victoria and Albert Museum: Catalogue of the Constable Collection, pp. 46-47, no. 38.
J. Hayes, 'The Drawings of George Frost', Master Drawings, vol. 4, no. 2, 1966, p. 167 and n. 34.
Parris, Leslie and Ian Fleming-Williams, Constable London : The Tate Gallery, 1991. ISBN 1854370707 / 1854370715. 544 p. : ill. (some col.).

Materials

Black chalk; Charcoal; Red chalk

Techniques

Drawing

Subjects depicted

Rivers; Mills

Categories

Drawings

Collection

Prints, Drawings & Paintings Collection

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