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  • Place of origin:

    Wrotham (made)

  • Date:

    1649 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:


  • Materials and Techniques:

    Lead-glazed earthenware, with decoration in white slip

  • Credit Line:

    Transferred from the Museum of Practical Geology, Jermyn Street

  • Museum number:


  • Gallery location:

    British Galleries, Room 56, The Djanogly Gallery, case 13

Object Type
Though of standard brass candlestick shape, with wide central drip pan, the form of this candlestick is extremely rare in ceramics. A few finely-potted mid-17th-century delftware versions have survived, as have some very basic earthenware candlesticks of the 16th and 17th centuries, sometimes with crude trailed slip decoration. It is clear, however, that the more expensive metal was much preferred. The function of this Wrotham piece must always have been secondary to its purpose as a presentation and display object.

Though the decorative Wrotham slipwares have survived in surprising numbers, covering the period 1612-1739, their place in the story of the development of English ceramics is less important than might appear. The farmer-potter families of the small Kent village of Wrotham made objects of daily use such as bread-crocks, chicken feeders etc., as well as a small range of inscribed slipwares commissioned by local people.

Physical description

Lead-glazed earthenware candlestick with trailed white-slip decoration. Contrasting red and white clays under a honey-coloured lead-glaze which makes them appear treacle-brown and yellow in colour. Inscribed EM 1649. Made at Wrotham in Kent.

Place of Origin

Wrotham (made)


1649 (made)



Materials and Techniques

Lead-glazed earthenware, with decoration in white slip

Marks and inscriptions

'EM 1649', makers mark


Height: 18.4 cm, Width: 17 cm, Depth: 15.5 cm

Object history note

Made in Wrotham, Kent. Formerly Bandinel Collection. Given by Dr Page. Transferred from the Museum of Practical Geology, Jermyn Street

Descriptive line

Lead-glazed earthenware candlestick with trailed white-slip decoration, inscribed EM 1649. Made at Wrotham in Kent.

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Hildyard, Robin. European Ceramics. London : V&A Publications, 1999. 144 p., ill. ISBN 185177260X

Labels and date

British Galleries:

The use of slip (liquid clay) to pipe simple designs onto clay vessels was familiar to Roman potters and became popular in The Netherlands after 1600. The farmer-potters of Wrotham, Kent were influenced by slipware bowls from The Netherlands and also by stoneware bottles from Germany, with applied moulded decoration. They supplied a purely local market and had no influence on mainstream developments in Staffordshire. [27/03/2003]
Probably Made in Wrotham, dated 1649
Inscribed: 'E.M.'
Lead-glazed earthenware with slip decoration

4736-1901 Given by Dr Page to the Jermyn Street Collection (formerly Bandinel Collection) [23/05/2008]


Earthenware; Lead glaze




British Galleries; Ceramics


Ceramics Collection

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