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Bottle

Bottle

  • Place of origin:

    Fulham (made)

  • Date:

    1675-1680 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    John Dwight's Fulham Pottery (maker)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Salt-glazed stoneware, with applied moulded decoration

  • Credit Line:

    Bequeathed by Mrs M. B. Sargeant

  • Museum number:

    C.59-1967

  • Gallery location:

    British Galleries, Room 56, The Djanogly Gallery, case 13

Object Type
The stoneware bottles made by John Dwight at Fulham were copied initially from German prototypes. This example, apart from its superior potting, a more elegant handle and the absence of a face-mask, is essentially a substitute for the so-called 'bellarmine', a general-purpose stoneware bottle which was supplied by the million from the potteries of Frechen in the Rhineland. Such bottles were used for serving drink, but more importantly for storing strong beers which continued to ferment and to generate pressure in the bottle.

Ownership & Use
Many of Dwight's stoneware bottles were personalised with applied medallions containing initials, names, dates or inn signs, in the same way as contemporary sealed wine bottles. The beer bottles supplied for use at the famous Cock Alehouse at Temple Bar (on the south side of the Strand in London and much frequented by the diarist Samuel Pepys) are the most numerous to survive, while fragmentary 'Cock' medallions from many slightly-differing moulds were excavated at the Fulham Pottery in 1971-9. Almost all these are inscribed 'HC' for Henry Crosse, owner of the tavern and an important local brewer. But although the 'W. Morris' on the medallion of this bottle was never listed as owner, he is recorded as living nearby and is presumed to have acted as manager of the inn sometime in the 1670s.

Place of Origin

Fulham (made)

Date

1675-1680 (made)

Artist/maker

John Dwight's Fulham Pottery (maker)

Materials and Techniques

Salt-glazed stoneware, with applied moulded decoration

Marks and inscriptions

With the medallion of a cock, surrounded by the words 'W.MORRIS TEMPLE BAR'

Dimensions

Height: 20.4 cm, Width: 12 cm including handle, Depth: 12 cm

Object history note

Made in Fulham, London at the factory of John Dwight (born in Todenham, Gloucestershire, about 1633, died in Fulham, near London, 1703)

Descriptive line

Bottle, salt-glazed stoneware, made by John Dwight's Fulham Pottery, Fulham, 1675-1680

Labels and date

British Galleries:
STONEWARE BOTTLES

Vast numbers of salt-glazed stoneware bottles and beer mugs were shipped by Dutch merchants from the mouth of the Rhine to London. Potters in England attempted to make stoneware using German expertise, but at first they were unsuccessful, both technically and commercially. Apart from his independent discovery of the salt-glaze technique, John Dwight's success lay in identifying suitable clays and developing reliable high-temperature kilns for the new stoneware. [27/03/2003]
Bottle
Made at the factory of John Dwight, Fulham, England, about 1675
Marks: applied medallion of a cock with 'W Morris Temple Bar'
Salt-glazed stoneware

C.59-1967 Mrs M.B. Sargeant Bequest [23/05/2008]

Categories

Ceramics; Containers; Drinking; British Galleries

Collection

Ceramics Collection

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