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"25 de Abril / Dia da Liberdade"

  • Object:

    Poster

  • Place of origin:

    Portugal (made)

  • Date:

    1979 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Comissão Organizadora das Comemorações do 25 Abril (issued by)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    colour offset lithograph

  • Credit Line:

    Gift of the American Friends of the V&A; Gift to the American Friends by Leslie, Judith and Gabri Schreyer and Alice Schreyer Batko

  • Museum number:

    E.1946-2004

  • Gallery location:

    Prints & Drawings Study Room, level C, case 3G, shelf DR30

April 25th is Liberty Day, a Portuguese national holiday comemorating the non-violent 1974 revolution that led to the establishment of a parliamentary democracy. Before that time, the country was governed by Oliveira Salazar's fascist dictatorship, under which many suffered. By the early 1970s, even those in the army ranks - meant to carry out Salazar's orders - were largely supporting the movement against the dictator. On 25 April, 1974, army soldiers took to the streets with disabled weapons; as a symbol of their solidarity with the people, they jammed nails into the barrels of their guns, rendering them useless. The people were heartened by this monumental gesture and took to the streets with flowers. Some soliders placed the stems of flowers in their gun barrels. This collective showing of peace and solidarity is documented as both "The Revolution of the Nails" and "The Revolution of the Carnations."

Physical description

Two stylised red carnations, decorative multicoloured background

Place of Origin

Portugal (made)

Date

1979 (made)

Artist/maker

Comissão Organizadora das Comemorações do 25 Abril (issued by)

Materials and Techniques

colour offset lithograph

Marks and inscriptions

25 de Abril/ Dia Da Liberdade
25th of April/ Day of Liberty

Dionisio, 13 Anos / Liceu Nacional de Leira

Commissao organizadora das Comemoracoes do 25 de Abril, Dia da Liberdade - 1979

Tip. Escola da ADFA

Dimensions

Height: 57.3 cm, Width: 40.1 cm

Descriptive line

Portugese propaganda poster - commemorative poster issued by Comissão Organizadora das Comemorações do 25 Abril.

Materials

Paper; Ink

Subjects depicted

Freedom; Commemoration; Civil liberty

Categories

Prints; Propaganda; Politics; Posters

Collection

Prints, Drawings & Paintings Collection

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