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Mitre and mitre box

  • Place of origin:

    England (made)

  • Date:

    1848-1850 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    A.W. Pugin, born 1812 - died 1852 (designer)
    Lonsdale and Tyler (makers)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Gold metal-thread embroidery on silk, with gemstones

  • Credit Line:

    Given by St Augustine's Abbey, Ramsgate

  • Museum number:

    T.299&A-1989

  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

A mitre is a head-piece worn by bishops and archbishops in Christian church ceremonies. This mitre with its lappets (the hanging tails) are made of a luxurious white silk enriched with gold thread, showing the scrolling foliage and flowers typical of the Gothic revival style of designer A. W. N. Pugin. It is part of a set of church furnishings designed by Pugin for use in St Augustine’s Church, built on the grounds of his own house in Ramsgate, Kent.

The mitre shows embroidery of a very high standard. Pugin’s ecclesiastical work was organised by John Hardman & Co., the Birmingham ecclesiastical suppliers, with whom he is closely associated. Pugin’s embroidery was carried out in Hardman’s own embroidery workshops, run by Mrs Powell, John Hardman’s sister and the wife of his partner, and by Lonsdale & Tyler of Covent Garden, who produced all forms of uniform and regalia work. Mrs Powell set up her business in 1842 to deal with the increasing interest in vestments and church decoration arising from Pugin’s work. She also employed another Birmingham firm run by Lucy and Winifred Brown, whom she took into partnership in 1852. The very high professional standard of embroidery and goldwork in this example suggests it was worked by Lonsdale & Tyler.

Physical description

Mitre of gold metal-thread embroidery on a silk ground and with gemstones, and mitre box.

Place of Origin

England (made)

Date

1848-1850 (made)

Artist/maker

A.W. Pugin, born 1812 - died 1852 (designer)
Lonsdale and Tyler (makers)

Materials and Techniques

Gold metal-thread embroidery on silk, with gemstones

Object history note

Registered File number 1989/1219.

Descriptive line

Mitre and mitre box, designed by A.W.N. Pugin, probably made by Lonsdale and Tyler, England, 1848-1850

Production Note

Made for St Augustine's Abbey, Ramsgate

Reason For Production: Commission

Materials

Gold metal thread; Silk (textile); Gemstone

Techniques

Embroidered

Subjects depicted

Flowers; Foliage

Categories

Ecclesiastical textiles; Embroidery; Textiles; Religion; Hats & headwear; Europeana Fashion Project

Production Type

Unique

Collection

Textiles and Fashion Collection

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