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Plate

  • Place of origin:

    Cauldon (made)

  • Date:

    ca. 1875-1885 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Brown-Westhead, Moore & Co. (maker)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    White earthenware, printed

  • Museum number:

    C.216-1984

  • Gallery location:

    British Galleries, Room 125, Edwin and Susan Davies Gallery, case 4

Object Type
Traditional blue and white ceramics from China and Japan were enthusiastically collected by adherents of Aestheticism. More generally, although Japanese images were popular, the genuine artefact or image was often misinterpreted or adopted at several removes from the original. The design of this transfer-printed pattern includes an owl, a bird not immediately associated with Japan. However, the asymmetrical arrangement was generally recognised as in Japanese taste. The design name, as marked in the reverse of the plate, is 'Andalusia'. The irrelevance of name to pattern was common in Victorian ceramics; indeed, relevance was extremely uncommon.

People
Brown-Westhead, Moore & Co. operated at the Cauldon Place works, Hanley, establised in about 1802 by Job Ridgway. By the 1870s the company was one of the largest in the area, with over 1000 employees. It made a wide variety of table and toilet wares in earthenware and porcelain, and ornamental Parian, eggshell porcelain and majolica wares, and it supplied both the British and Russian Royal families.

Physical description

This white earthenware plate has transfer-printed decoration in blue with a pattern of fans and flowers with views of mountains, lakes, trees, and a fisherman, embellished with chrysanthemums and leaves in 'Japanese' style

Place of Origin

Cauldon (made)

Date

ca. 1875-1885 (made)

Artist/maker

Brown-Westhead, Moore & Co. (maker)

Materials and Techniques

White earthenware, printed

Marks and inscriptions

Marked 'BWM & C ANDALUSIA' with shield and badge surmounted by a crown 'S' printed in blue; 'BROWN WESTHEAD MOORE & CO 5' impressed

Dimensions

Diameter: 23.0 cm

Object history note

Made by Brown-Westhead, Moore & Co., Hanley, Staffordshire
Made in England

Descriptive line

Plate, made by Brown Westead Moore & Co, Cauldon Place, Hanley, Staffordshire, England, about 1875-85

Labels and date

British Galleries:
This plate was highly fashionable in style, although it was inexpensively made for everyday use. The pattern was influenced by traditional blue and white ceramics from China and Japan and shows a mixture of Aesthetic design, with its asymmetric composition and motifs such as an owl, fans and Japanese chrysanthemums. [27/03/2003]
Plate
Made by Brown Westead Moore & Co, Cauldon Place, Hanley, Staffordshire, England, about 1875-85
Marks: 'BWM & C Andalusia S' printed, 'Brown Westehad Moore & Co 5' impressed
Earthenware, transfer-printed

C.216-1984 [23/05/2008]

Subjects depicted

Landscape; Trees; Chrysanthemum

Categories

ELISE; British Galleries; Ceramics

Collection

Ceramics Collection

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