Or are you looking for Search the Archives?

Please complete the form to email this item.

Architectural drawing

  • Place of origin:

    London (probably, made)

  • Date:

    18th century (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Sir William Chambers, born 1723 - died 1796 (designer)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Pencil, pem and ink with grey washes

  • Museum number:

    7074:86/1

  • Gallery location:

    Prints & Drawings Study Room, level E, case A, shelf 229 []

Uncompleted elevation of a drawing of a pair of gates and screen in an unknown church by leading architect and designer Sir William Chambers (1723-1796). It is an incomplete drawing and shows a screen with double gates that has been cut into at least five pieces. Four pieces, showing the gates and the screen on either side of the gates, have here been reassembled. The piece showing the screen above the gates is missing. Each gate has an oval, ribboned laurel wreath containing a winged angel's head wearing a papal tiara above a pair of wings and the crossed keys of St. Peter. This is framed, within the gate, by a guilloche and, at the junctions in the pattern, by a rosette. Above and below the central papal motifs are bands decorated with calyx with small rosettes. On either side of the gates are screens composed of pairs of columns in a Composite order. Between the columns are elaborate screens of scrolling ironwork; each containing seraphim and cherubim heads.

Chambers was born in Sweden and died in London.He travelled widely, visiting China, and studied architecture at the Ecole des Arts, Paris, from 1749 and in Italy from 1750 to 1755. Many of his drawings from this period are contained in his important 'Franco-Italian' album, held in the V&A. Chambers moved to London in 1755 and published his influential Treatise on Civil Architecture in 1759. Chambers demonstrated the breadth of his style in buildings such as Gower (later Carrington) House and Melbourne House, London, in such country houses as Duddingston, Scotland, and in the garden architecture he designed for Wilton House, Wiltshire, and at Kew Gardens. He became head of government building in 1782, and in this capacity built Somerset House, London.

Physical description

Uncompleted elevation of a drawing of a pair of gates and screen in an unknown church. It is an incomplete drawing and shows a screen with double gates that has been cut into at least five pieces. Four pieces, showing the gates and the screen on either side of the gates, have here been reassembled. The piece showing the screen above the gates is missing. Each gate has an oval, ribboned laurel wreath containing a winged angel's head wearing a papal tiara above a pair of wings and the crossed keys of St. Peter. This is framed, within the gate, by a guilloche and, at the junctions in the pattern, by a rosette. Above and below the central papal motifs are bands decorated with calyx with small rosettes. On either side of the gates are screens composed of pairs of columns in a Composite order. Between the columns are elaborate screens of scrolling ironwork; each containing seraphim and cherubim heads.

Place of Origin

London (probably, made)

Date

18th century (made)

Artist/maker

Sir William Chambers, born 1723 - died 1796 (designer)

Materials and Techniques

Pencil, pem and ink with grey washes

Marks and inscriptions

'Sir W Chambers'
On the verso, in pencil, and in a later hand

Dimensions

Height: 392 mm, Width: 430 mm

Descriptive line

Uncompleted elevation of a drawing of a pair of gates and screen in an unknown church, 18th century, Sir William Chambers (1723-1796).

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Snodin, M. Sir William Chambers. London: V&A Publications, 1996.

Production Note

Attribution note: See also cats. 486, 487 and 598

Materials

Pencil; Pen and ink; Grey wash

Techniques

Drawing; Painting

Subjects depicted

Cherubim; Wings; Guilloche; Keys; Gates; Seraphim; Columns; Screens; Angel; Tiara (papal); Laurel wreaths; Rosette; Elevation; Calyx

Categories

Architectural fittings; Architecture; Designs; Drawings

Production Type

Design

Collection

Prints, Drawings & Paintings Collection

Large image request

Please confirm you are using these images within the following terms and conditions, by acknowledging each of the following key points:

Please let us know how you intend to use the images you will be downloading.