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Stock buckle

  • Place of origin:

    England (made)

  • Date:

    ca. 1780 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Rugg, Richard (maker)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Silver with steel chape

  • Museum number:

    M.1-1934

  • Gallery location:

    Jewellery, Rooms 91 to 93, The William and Judith Bollinger Gallery, case 14, shelf D, box 2

New hairstyles for men in the 1720s and 1730s prompted a change in neckwear. Hair was worn shorter and confined at the nape in a small black silk bag. A stock made of folded and pleated linen or cotton created the effect of a white column supporting the head.

Stocks continued to be worn for formal and full dress throughout the 18th century. They were fastened at the back of the neck by a button, tape or detachable buckle. Buckles were commonly used because they were easier to adjust and kept the stock firmly in place with three or four studs inserted into buttonholes at one end, the other end being fastened by prongs.

Stock buckles are usually oblong with a distinctive pattern formed by the studs and prongs. Some are very plain but they can be more elaborate. Buckles could also be worn at the front and some fashionable gentlemen such as the dandy Richard ‘Beau’ Nash chose to be painted with the buckle showing. Also known as clasps, stock buckles were included in clothing issued to officers of the 17th Light Dragoons in 1778.

Physical description

Stock buckle, silver with steel prongs. Oblong with rounded corners, the rim decorated with faceted pellets against a pounced ground; hinged chape with three prongs.

Place of Origin

England (made)

Date

ca. 1780 (made)

Artist/maker

Rugg, Richard (maker)

Materials and Techniques

Silver with steel chape

Marks and inscriptions

'RR.'
Maker's mark for Richard Rugg

Dimensions

Height: 4.6 cm, Width: 3.4 cm, Depth: 0.7 cm

Descriptive line

Silver with steel chape, England, about 1780, mark of Richard Rugg

Materials

Silver; Steel

Techniques

Metal-cutting

Categories

Jewellery; Fashion; Metalwork; Europeana Fashion Project

Collection

Metalwork Collection

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