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Apollo and Marsyas

  • Object:

    Plaquette

  • Place of origin:

    Florence (made)

  • Date:

    1475-1500 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Unknown

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Bronze

  • Museum number:

    A.402-1910

  • Gallery location:

    Sculpture, Room 111, The Gilbert Bayes Gallery, case DR17

Plaquettes are small plaques made of bronze, brass, lead or precious metals. They originated in the 1440s with the desire to reproduce coins and hardstone engravings from ancient Greece and Rome. Some were made as collector’s pieces, to be viewed and displayed in private, and others for practical purposes. They also inspired designs in other media, from architecture to bookbindings. This was cast from an antique cornelian intaglio in the Medici collection. The satyr Marsyas was a skilled flute-player who was forced into a musical contest with Apollo. Apollo won the contest and ordered Marsyas to be tied to a pine tree and flayed alive.

Physical description

Plaquette depicts on the right Apollo standing with lyre and plectrum. At his feet the young Olympus kneeling for mercy. On the left Marsyas seated on a skin. Inscription.

Place of Origin

Florence (made)

Date

1475-1500 (made)

Artist/maker

Unknown

Materials and Techniques

Bronze

Marks and inscriptions

'LAV . R . MED . '

Dimensions

Height: 4.2 cm, Width: 3.6 cm

Object history note

From the Salting bequest.

Descriptive line

Plaquette, bronze, Apollo and Marsyas, Italy (Florence), ca. 1475-1500

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

'Salting Bequest (A. 70 to A. 1029-1910) / Murray Bequest (A. 1030 to A. 1096-1910)'. In: List of Works of Art Acquired by the Victoria and Albert Museum (Department of Architecture and Sculpture). London: Printed under the Authority of his Majesty's Stationery Office, by Eyre and Spottiswoode, Limited, East Harding Street, EC, p.
Maclagan, Eric. Catalogue of Italian Plaquettes . London: Victoria and Albert Museum, 1924, p. 13
Pope-Hennessy, John. Renaissance Bronzes from the Samuel H. Kress Collection. Reliefs - Plaquettes - Statuettes - Utensils and Mortars . London: 1965, p. 73, no 246, fig 36

Materials

Bronze

Subjects depicted

Tree; Plectrum; Lyre

Categories

Plaques & Plaquettes; Sculpture; Myths & Legends

Collection

Sculpture Collection

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