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Panelled room

  • Place of origin:

    Paris, France (made)

  • Date:

    1778 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Rousseau de la Rottière, Jean, Jean-Simeon, born 1747 - died 1820 (designer)
    Lagrenée, Jean-Jacques, born 1739 - died 1821 (possibly, painter)
    Callet, Antoine-François, born 1741 - died 1823 (possibly, painter)
    Brenet, born 1728 - died 1792 (possibly, painter)
    Gouthière, Pierre, born 1732 - died 1812 (maker)
    Roland, Philippe-Laurent, born 1746 - died 1816 (Sculptor)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Carved, painted and gilded pine

  • Museum number:

    1736 to E-1869

  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

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This little cabinet was designed in 1778 for a hotel particulier in the wealthy but slightly out-of-fashion Marais district of Paris where the Megret de Serilly family lived. The tiny room was attached to one wing of the house and it seems that it could only be entered from the garden, making it a perfect private space. The cabinet was a pleasure room par excellenceand for a long time it was thought that it had been created at the instigation of Madame de Serilly during one of her husband's absences to surprise him on his return.

The decorative scheme was designed and painted by Jean-Simeon Rousseau de la Rottière and Jules-Hugues Rousseau, also known as the Rousseau brothers. They are known for their work on Marie-Antoinette's apartments at Versailles (1772) and for the Queen's lavish Boudoir Turc at the Chateau de Fontainebleau (1777), south-west of Paris.

The decoration of the panelling is carved out of the solid oak. Two colours of gold are used to add complexity to the design: the mouldings of the panels are gilded with a reddish gold, while the highlighted figures, leaves and flowers are in a more yellow gold. The white marble chimneypiece was supplied by Philippe-Laurent Roland, with gilt-bronze mounts by the royal bronzier Pierre Gouthière. The brothers excelled in the new arabesque ornament style, associating painted medallions imitating carving and small cartouches imitating bas-reliefs. Here the decoration is exquisitely refined, the carving and decorative painting so delicate that they could have been designed for a piece of fine furniture as much as for a room.

The Sérilly family soon faced serious financial difficulties and had to give up the house only six years after the Cabinet was made. The Serilly family suffered harsh trials during the political upheavals of the French Revolution: the Marquis was guillotined in 1794, and the Marquise only narrowly escaped her husband's fate by claiming that she was pregnant.

Physical description

Panelling, windows, mirrors and chimneypiece from a small cabinet or boudoir, French 1778. The cabinet is a symmetrical rectangle. Each corner is inset and the panelling enclosing these inset squares is hinged to give access to a cupboard in each corner. These corner cupboards create recesses on each wall for the chimneypiece, door and window, plus another alcove. The chimneypiece and overmantel glass are set in one long wall, to the left of a wall centreing on a double-leaved entrance door. Opposite the chimneypiece is a French window. The wall to the right of the chimneypiece has a further alcove, possibly for a sofa, and that to the left of the chimneypiece a double-leaved door, through which the cabinet is currently viewed. The panelling is carved in the solid oak, painted and gilded with arabesques, roundels, figures, foliage and flowers, illustrative of the Elements and the Seasons. Two tones of gold are used: a red-gold along the borders and a yellow-gold highlighting the floral carving. The semi-circular overdoors and overmantel are painted with gods and goddesses. The ceiling is coved, the coving similarly decorated with carved, painted and gilded figures, arabesques, medallions etc, the central roundel set with a painting of Jupiter. The main panels are decorated with gilded carving and oil paintings on to the wood. Other flat surfaces are painted in an egg-tempera medium.The arched niches are decorated with semi-circular panels painted with gods and goddesses, including Mars, Venus, Diana and Endymion. The white marble chimneypiece is mounted in gilt bronze, the mounts including figures of Winter

Place of Origin

Paris, France (made)

Date

1778 (made)

Artist/maker

Rousseau de la Rottière, Jean, Jean-Simeon, born 1747 - died 1820 (designer)
Lagrenée, Jean-Jacques, born 1739 - died 1821 (possibly, painter)
Callet, Antoine-François, born 1741 - died 1823 (possibly, painter)
Brenet, born 1728 - died 1792 (possibly, painter)
Gouthière, Pierre, born 1732 - died 1812 (maker)
Roland, Philippe-Laurent, born 1746 - died 1816 (Sculptor)

Materials and Techniques

Carved, painted and gilded pine

Dimensions

Height: 487 cm, Length: 426 cm, Width: 320 cm

Object history note

This little closet was made for the 16-year-old Anne-Marie Louise Thomas de Domangeville, around the time of her marriage to Megret de Sérilly in 1778. Monsieur de Sérilly was paymaster general to the French army. The house at 106 rue Vielle du Temple, that became the Hôtel de Sérilly, was purchased by the family in 1775 and was immediately re-modelled for them by Jean-Simeon Rousseau de la Rottière Financial difficulties meant that the family had to sell this house in 1784 and M. de Sérilly was eventually guillotined in 1794. The cabinet was attached to the outside wall of the house and faced south. Its only entrance was from the garden. A drawing by Rousseau de la Rottière exists for part of the design, in which the ornament follows Raphael's designs for the Vatican Loggia, published in 1772-7.

It appears to have been dismantled and bought by the French dealer Paul Recappé (9 Passage Ste Marie, Rue du Bac, Paris), in 1867 and then sold to the museum in 1869.

Descriptive line

Panelled room, of carved oak, with painted and gilded decoration, by Jean-Simeon Rousseau de la Rottière, made in Paris, 1778

Production Note

The decorative scheme was designed by Rousseau de la Rottière. The marble chimneypiece is the work of Philippe-Laurent Roland, with mounts by Gouthière. The painted decoration may be by one of Jean-Jacques Lagrenée, Antoine-François Callet or Guy Brenet.

Materials

Paint; Oak; Gold leaf

Techniques

Painting; Gilding; Joinery

Subjects depicted

Venus; Neptune; Bacchus; Winter; Diana; Jupiter; Mars; Autumn; Summer; Spring; Juno; Vulcan; Cybele; Zephyr; Endymion

Categories

Architectural fittings

Collection code

FWK

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