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  • Place of origin:

    Greece (made)

  • Date:

    200 BC-100 BC (made)

  • Artist/Maker:


  • Materials and Techniques:

    Gold, emerald and garnet

  • Credit Line:

    Given by Dame Joan Evans

  • Museum number:


  • Gallery location:

    Jewellery, Rooms 91, The William and Judith Bollinger Gallery, case 2, shelf D, box 2

By the Hellenistic period (323-27 BC) colours slowly became an important aspect of Greek jewellery. To achieve colour, gold was often combined with gemstones. Garnets were the most popular, but emeralds, carnelian, rock crystal, agates, onyxes or lapis-lazuli were also used. Gemstones were pierced, cut, abraded and polished like in this case, or left as a natural crystal. The Greek were renowned for their art of gem carving.
Coloured glass was also used in imitation of stone. In this necklace, glass was used to imitated onyx and pearl.
Necklaces were generally worn tight around the neck, like a modern choker or ribbon, or in a looser fashion at the base of the neck. This necklace was tied at the back by means of a cord. They were often worn in multiples, especially a necklace with simple beads with one of more complex form like this one.

Physical description

Necklace with female heads, gold with granulation, garnet, emerald, glass in imitation of onyx and pearl

Place of Origin

Greece (made)


200 BC-100 BC (made)



Materials and Techniques

Gold, emerald and garnet


Height: 10.8 cm, Width: 9.5 cm, Depth: 1.1 cm

Descriptive line

Necklace with female heads, Greek world, about 200-100 BC; gold, with granulation, garnet, emerald, glass in imitation of onyx and pearl

Production Note

Greek world


Gold; Garnet; Emerald; Glass; Pearl


Jewellery; Europeana Fashion Project


Metalwork Collection

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