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William Shakespeare

  • Object:

    Sketch model

  • Place of origin:

    London, England (made)

  • Date:

    1757 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Roubiliac, Louis-François (modelled)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Terracotta, made from modelled clay

  • Museum number:

    32-1867

  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

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This terracotta statuette of Shakespeare was made by Louis François Roubiliac. Like preparatory drawings, sketch models are used by sculptors to record and develop their initial ideas. This is a preliminary sketch model for a marble statue made for the actor David Garrick and now in the British Museum. Garrick may well have posed for the figure. The head was probably taken from the earliest authenticated likeness of Shakespeare, the so-called Chandos portrait, of which Roubiliac had a copy.

Louis François Roubiliac (1702-1762) was one of the leading sculptors of his generation, and his busts and monuments are among the most important produced in Britain in the first half of the 18th century. He was born in Lyons, and probably trained in Dresden. He was later in Paris, but from 1730 he was based in London, apart from a brief visit to Rome in 1752.

Physical description

The poet is represented standing at the moment of inspiration, his left hand, with forefinger extended, raised to his face, his right arm resting on a lectern. In his right hand is a pen (part missing). Signed on the left of the base.

Place of Origin

London, England (made)

Date

1757 (made)

Artist/maker

Roubiliac, Louis-François (modelled)

Materials and Techniques

Terracotta, made from modelled clay

Dimensions

Height: 42.2

Object history note

At the sale of the property of Edward Stevens (architect), held on 7 February 1776, lot 38 is described as 'A terracotta figure of Mr Roubiliac's Shakespeare'. Noted on departmental records of having been purchased by Mr. A. Myers from the Henry Farrer Esq, F.S.A. sale (held at Christie's between 12 and 18 June 1866). Sold on the second day's sale, 13 June 1866, as lot 218, described as 'Shakespeare, by Corbett: a copy of the statue by Roubillac [sic]'. The annotated catalogue held in the National Art Library records it was purchased by Myers' for £2. Lots 221 and 222 in the same sale, described as models for a tomb in Westminster Abbey, were also purchased by Myers for 10s each. The Shakespeare statuette was purchased by the Museum from Mr Myers in 1867 lot £4 4s. A terracotta model by Rysbrack for the Locke monument was also purchased from Myers at this time.

Descriptive line

Statuette, sketch model, terracotta, William Shakespeare, by Louis Francois Roubiliac, England (London), 1757

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Bilbey, Diane and Trusted, Marjorie. British Sculpture 1470 to 2000: A Concise Catalogue of the Collection at the Victoria and Albert Museum. London, 2002, p. 117, cat. no. 159
Whinney, Margaret. Sculpture in Britain, 1530 to 1830, 2nd ed. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books, 1988, p. 226
Brown, Frank Percival. London Sculpture. London: Sir I. Pitman & Sons, ltd. 1934, p. 59 (fig.)
Esdaile, K.A., The life and works of Louis François Roubiliac, Oxford and London, 1928, pp. 124, 200, pl. XL (a) opp. p. 126
Gunnis, R., Dictionary of British Sculptors 1660-1851, (revised edition, first published London 1953), London, 1968, p. 330
Inventory of Art Objects Acquired in the Year 1867. In: Inventory of the Objects in the Art Division of the Museum at South Kensington, Arranged According to the Dates of their Acquisition. Vol I. London: Printed by George E. Eyre and William Spottiswoode for H.M.S.O., 1868, p. 27

Exhibition History

The Quiet Conquest: The Huguenots 1685-1985 (Museum of London 15/05/1985-31/10/1985)
Creative Quarters:the Art World in London 1700-2000. (Museum of London 30/05/2001-15/07/2001)
Garrick (British Library, London 30/11/1979-11/05/1980)
Subject / Sitter / Maker: Portraits from an Eighteenth-Century Artistic Circle (Henry Moore Institute, Leeds 15/08/2009-14/11/2009)
The Face and figure of Shakespeare (Orleans House Gallery 01/01/2004-07/06/2009)

Materials

Terracotta

Subjects depicted

Shakespeare, William

Categories

Portraits; Sculpture

Collection code

SCP

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Qr_O111038
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