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Watercolour - The National Gallery when at Mr J. J. Angerstein's House, Pall Mall
  • The National Gallery when at Mr J. J. Angerstein's House, Pall Mall
    Mackenzie, Frederick, born 1787 - died 1854
  • Enlarge image

The National Gallery when at Mr J. J. Angerstein's House, Pall Mall

  • Object:


  • Place of origin:

    London (made)

  • Date:

    Between 1824 and 1834 (made)
    1834 (exhibited)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Mackenzie, Frederick, born 1787 - died 1854 (artist)

  • Materials and Techniques:


  • Museum number:


  • Gallery location:

    Prints & Drawings Study Room, room WS, case R, shelf 97, box R

Physical description

Watercolour depicting the principal room of the original National Gallery on Pall Mall. There are students of art seated at easels, a male in the forground and two women in the background, making copies of works on display. Titian's 'Bacchus and Ariadne' and Claude's 'Seaport with the Embarkation of Saint Ursula' are among the paintings on the walls in the background.

Place of Origin

London (made)


Between 1824 and 1834 (made)
1834 (exhibited)


Mackenzie, Frederick, born 1787 - died 1854 (artist)

Materials and Techniques



Height: 69 cm gilt frame, Width: 85.5 cm gilt frame, Depth: 7 cm gilt frame

Object history note

This and the adjoining room at 100 Pall Mall were built for Frederick, Prince of Wales, father of George III., with an entrance from Carlton House. They were subsequently used by Mr John Julius Angerstein for this collection of pictures, 38 of which were sold by him to the nation for £57,000 in 1824, and thus formed the nucleus of the National Gallery. The rooms were demolished before Mackenzie exhibited his drawing (doubtless that here catalogued) of them at the Old Water Colour Society in 1834 (no. 334).
For identifications of the pictures shown in the drawing see Country Life 29 March 1921. Many of the paintings were acquired from Mr Angerstein, but some were from other sources, among the latter being Reynolds's 'Holy Family', which was presented by the British Institution in 1829: it occurs in J Scarlett Davis's painting of the interior of the British Institution in 1829 (reproduced in the Art Journal, 1910, p.134). Mr Angerstein possessed a full size replica of Reynolds's 'Holy Family'; it remained in the Angerstein Collection till the 6th April 1895, when it was sold for 280 guineas (Morning Post 1 January 1909).
The Literary Gazette for 1834 describes Mackenzie's drawing as "a marvellous picture in every respect - a National Gallery in itself! The perfection with which he has copied the old masters in frames the size of dominoes, and the effect of the whole, are quite extraordinary".

The drawing formerly belonged to Mr William Pilleau.

Descriptive line

Watercolour by Frederick Mackenzie depicting the principal room of the original National Gallery. Great Britain, ca. 1824-34.

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

It is reproduced in the Art Journal 1910, p.292 (article by Mr H M Cundall); Country Life 29th March 1924; the Strand Magazine, April 1924; the Sphere 5th April 1924; and the Times Educational Supplement, 5th April 1924.
Ian Warrell, Turner Inspired. In the Light of Claude London: The National Gallery, 2012. ISBN: 9781857095371.





Subjects depicted





Prints, Drawings & Paintings Collection

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