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Figure

Figure

  • Place of origin:

    Arita (made)

  • Date:

    1670-1700 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Unknown

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Porcelain with decoration in overglaze enamels

  • Museum number:

    C.35-1958

  • Gallery location:

    British Galleries, Room 56c, case 2

Object Type
Figures of animals, which are often found in pairs, are especially common among early Japanese export porcelain. Lions in Japan are often found as guardian figures, but this symbolism is unlikely to have been known in the West. The use of bright enamel colours on a fine white body is characteristic of the so-called Kakiemon style. The family of decorators who worked in the Kakiemon kiln are reputed to have introduced the techniques of overglaze enamelling to Arita in the 1640s. Kakiemon-style wares were the costliest and most sought after of all Japanese export ceramics. They were widely copied by 18th-century European manufacturers.

Place
Kakiemon-style wares were transported by sea from Imari, the port nearest to Arita in western Japan. Porcelain for export was sent to Deshima, a small island in Nagasaki harbour, for shipment abroad by Dutch and Chinese merchants.

Time
From 1639 until the mid-1850s merchants of the Dutch East India Company were the only Europeans permitted to conduct trade in Japan. This was due to the Japanese government's seclusion policy, which was enforced in this period. Hard-paste porcelain comparable in quality to Chinese and Japanese imports was first made at Meissen in Germany in the early years of the 18th century. Porcelain was made in Britain from the late 1740s onwards.

Place of Origin

Arita (made)

Date

1670-1700 (made)

Artist/maker

Unknown

Materials and Techniques

Porcelain with decoration in overglaze enamels

Dimensions

Height: 12 cm, Width: 14.2 cm head to tail, Depth: 11 cm maximum, front to back

Descriptive line

Japanese figure of a lion, Japan, Arita kilns (Kakiemon type), Edo period, 1670-1700

Labels and date

British Galleries:
European collectors often bought pairs of lions like this one. This style of decoration was known as 'Kakiemon' from the name of the kiln where such pieces were made. The Kakiemon porcelain painters used distinctive reds, blues and yellows and were noted for their figures of animals and people. [27/03/2003]

Materials

Porcelain

Techniques

Enamelled; Glazed

Subjects depicted

Lions (animals)

Categories

Ceramics; British Galleries; Figures & Decorative ceramics

Collection

East Asia Collection

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