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Krishna

  • Object:

    Painting

  • Place of origin:

    Kolkata (made)

  • Date:

    ca. 1885 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Unknown

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Painted in opaque watercolour on paper

  • Museum number:

    IS.537-1950

  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

Physical description

Painting, in opaque watercolour on paper, Krishna, painted blue, milking a cow.

Place of Origin

Kolkata (made)

Date

ca. 1885 (made)

Artist/maker

Unknown

Materials and Techniques

Painted in opaque watercolour on paper

Marks and inscriptions

'gabhidohan'
'milking the cow'
handwritten on object

Object history note

Acquired from Miss M Steele, being part of the collection inherited from her mother, a scholar in Sanskrit at Cambridge in 1894. When delivering the pictures, Miss Steele reported that her grandmother had also lived in India for some time and that it was possible that the pictures were originally collected by her.

Historical context note

Calcutta was recognised as the Capital of British India from 1833-1912.By the 1830s, artists had arrived from rural villages in Bengal and began to produce paintings that reflected local history, mythology, customs and conflicts of a colonised society. As a popular art form, these artists are recognised for their use of brilliant colour, simplified images and swift brushstrokes that became the hallmark of Kalighat painting in the 19th and early 20th century.

Descriptive line

Painting, Krishna milking a cow, opaque watercolour on paper, Kalighat, Kolkata, ca. 1885

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Archer, W G: 'Kalighat Paintings', V&A, 1971, p68, 25iv
p. 54
Sinha, Suhashini, and Panda, C, eds. Kalighat Paintings from the collection of the Victoria and Albert Museum, London and Victoria Memorial Hall, Kolkata. London: Victoria and Albert Museum, 2012. ISBN 1851776656.

Labels and date

The Kalighat artists translated scenes from Hindu mythology into their own popular style developing many stock images, of which this is one. This image of Krishna milking a cow refers to his early childhood as a cowherd. However, this painting is also slightly unusual in that whereas most Kalighat paintings have white backgrounds this is one of a small number which have painted blue backgrounds. [January 2005]

Materials

Opaque watercolour; Paint; Paper

Techniques

Painted

Subjects depicted

Cow; Deity

Categories

Paintings; Hinduism; Religion; Animals and Wildlife; Bonita Trust Indian Paintings Cataloguing Project

Collection

South & South East Asia Collection

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