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Jug

  • Place of origin:

    Iraq (perhaps, made)
    Iran (perhaps, made)

  • Date:

    1475-1500 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Unknown

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Cast copper, tinned with engraved decoration, possibly inlaid with a black composition.

  • Museum number:

    433-1876

  • Gallery location:

    Islamic Middle East, Room 42, The Jameel Gallery, case 9E

Copper wares such as this drinking jug were being made when the Safavids came to power. The tinned metal once shone like silver. It would have contrasted strongly with the recessed background, which was filled with a black composition. The inscription around the neck wishes the owner happiness, peace, and ‘a life that lasts so long as the turtle-dove coos’. The text below gives the titles of a Sultan Jalal. The jug once had a handle.

Physical description

Pot-bellied vessel with cylindrical neck, tinned copper, with engraved decoration in horizontal bands including two Arabic inscriptions

Place of Origin

Iraq (perhaps, made)
Iran (perhaps, made)

Date

1475-1500 (made)

Artist/maker

Unknown

Materials and Techniques

Cast copper, tinned with engraved decoration, possibly inlaid with a black composition.

Marks and inscriptions

To its owner happiness and peace, and a life that lasts as long as the turtle-dove coos, and lasting glory that shall never be laid low ...
The upper inscription is from an often-quoted Arabic poem offering good wishes for the owner.

The sultan / most mighty and / the emperor who is glorified, sulta / n of the Arabs and / non-Arabs, Jalal [...]
"Jalal" could be the beginning of a name (e.g. Jalal al-Din) or of another title (glory of ...).

Dimensions

Diameter: 13.5 cm, Height: 10.6 cm

Descriptive line

Jug (mashrabe), tinned copper with engraved decoration and Arabic inscriptions, Iraq or Iran, 1475-1500.

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

A.S. Melikian-Chirvani, Le Bronze iranien, Musée des Arts Décoratifs, Paris, 1973, pp.90-91.
A. S. Melikian-Chirvani, Islamic Metalwork from the Iranian World 8-18th Centuries, London, 1982, p.255, no.113.
James W. Allan, "Metalwork of the Timurid Dynasties of Eastern Anatolia and Iran", Iran, XXIX (1991), p.155, pl.XXIVa.

Labels and date

Label in the Jameel Gallery:

Drinking Jug with Inscriptions
Iran
1475-1500

This jug, too, once had a bright silver and black colour scheme. The inscription around the neck wishes the owner happiness, peace, and 'a life that lasts so long as the turtle-dove coos'. The text below gives the titles of a Sultan Jalal. The jug once had a handle.

Copper, engraved, tinned and filled with a black composition

Museum no. 433-1876 [2006]

Materials

Copper

Techniques

Cast; Tinned; Engraving; Inlay

Categories

Metalwork; Drinking

Collection

Middle East Section

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