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Figure group - The Immaculate Conception

The Immaculate Conception

  • Object:

    Figure group

  • Place of origin:

    Naples (or Sicily, made)
    Sicily (possibly, made)

  • Date:

    ca. 1700 - ca. 1720 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Unknown

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Carved ivory on later scagliola base

  • Credit Line:

    Given by Dr W. L. Hildburgh, FSA

  • Museum number:

    A.21-1926

  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

This ivory figure group carved in full relief was made in ca. 1700-20 in South Italy (Naples or Sicily). It depicts the Immaculate Conception, or Tota Pulchra, the Virgin with symbols of her purity. The carving is composed of scores of minute figures in full relief, the tusk has been sawn down the middle, the other half forming A.22-1926. It is a complex arrangement of miniature figures and figure groups.

Physical description

Carved ivory figure group depicting the Immaculate conception or Tota Pulchra, the Virgin with symbols of her purity. The carving is composed of scores of minute figures in full relief, the tusk has been sawn down the middle, the other half forming A.22-1926. It is a complex arrangement of miniature figures and figure groups. In the centre the Virgin is seen trampling on the devil. Below are Old Testament figures: Adam and Eve, Moses and other prophets. Above angels play musical instruments around God the Father.

Place of Origin

Naples (or Sicily, made)
Sicily (possibly, made)

Date

ca. 1700 - ca. 1720 (made)

Artist/maker

Unknown

Materials and Techniques

Carved ivory on later scagliola base

Dimensions

Height: 22.5 cm ivory alone, Width: 15.5 cm, Height: 25.5 cm whole

Object history note

Given by Dr W.L. Hildburgh F.S.A. in 1926. Formerly in the collection of the Right Hon. the Earl of Cromer, 36 Wimpole Street, London W1. This and its companion piece (Mus. no. A.22-1926) sold as a pair by the Earl to Hildburgh for £50 in 1926. Hildburgh immediately donated them to the Museum.

Descriptive line

Figure group, carved ivory, the Immaculate conception, Outh Italian (Naples or Sicily), ca. 1700-1720

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Theuerkauff, C. Die Bildwerke der Skulpturengalerie Berlin. 2. Die Bildwerke in Elfenbein des 16. - 19. Jahrhunderts. Berlin, 1986, pp. 354, 360, no. 9. note. 21
Longhurst, Margaret H. Catalogue of Carvings in Ivory. London: Published under the Authority of the Board of Education, 1927-1929, Part II, pp. 105-106
Ruiz, José Ferrándiz y. Marfiles y azabaches españoles. Barcelona [u.a.] : Ed. Labor, 1928, p. 218
Theuerkauff, Christian von, ed. Elfenbein: Sammlung Reiner Winkler. vol. I, 1984, p. 218, no. 139
Theuerkauff, Christian von, ed. Elfenbein: Sammlung Reiner Winkler. vol. II, 1994, p. 123, no. 54
Theuerkauff, C. Elfenbein in Klosterneuburg. 1962. nos. 20, 21, figs. 25, 27
Trusted, Marjorie, Baroque & Later Ivories, Victoria & Albert Museum, London, 2013, cat. no. 302, pp. 308, 9

Materials

Ivory; Scagliola

Techniques

Carving; Relief

Subjects depicted

Prophets; Angels; Musical instruments; Devil

Categories

Sculpture; Christianity; Religion; Reliefs

Collection

Sculpture Collection

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