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Intaglio - Coats-of-arms

Coats-of-arms

  • Object:

    Intaglio

  • Place of origin:

    Italy (made)

  • Date:

    16th century (made)
    19th century (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Unknown

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Carved sard in nineteenth century gold ring

  • Museum number:

    821-1871

  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

This is an intaglio made in the 16th century in Italy. The intaglio is in sard and depicting an unidentified coat-of-arms and the initials 'F.G.', in a modern gold ring setting with a nearly circular bezel.
The art of engraving gemstones can be traced back to ancient Greece in the 8th century BC and earlier. Techniques passed down to the Egyptians and then to the Romans. There were major revivals of interest in engraved gems in Europe during the Byzantine era, the Middle Ages, the Renaissance, and again in the 18th and 19th centuries. At each stage cameos and intaglios, these skillful carvings on a minute scale, were much prized and collected, sometimes as symbols of power mounted in jewelled settings, sometimes as small objects for private devotion or enjoyment.
Many gems were carved in the neo-classical style popular in the late 1700s and early 1800s, when taste in the arts echoed the subject matter and style of the Greek and Roman masters. Thousands of gems were made in this style in Italy and brought back by British Grand Tourists, who went there to visit the newly-discovered classical antiquities and archaeological sites.

Physical description

Sard intaglio depicting an unidentified coat-of-arms and the initials 'F.G.', in a modern gold ring setting with a nearly circular bezel.

Place of Origin

Italy (made)

Date

16th century (made)
19th century (made)

Artist/maker

Unknown

Materials and Techniques

Carved sard in nineteenth century gold ring

Marks and inscriptions

'F.G.'
initials

Dimensions

Height: 12 mm, Width: 11.5 mm

Object history note

Bought in 1871.
Ex Waterton Collection. Bought by the Museum following inclusion in Christie's sale. Edmund Waterton (1830-87) is referred to as one of a group of 'pioneer collectors' by Diana Scarisbrick, 'C.D.E. Fortnum as a collector of rings and gems', C.D.E. Fortnum and the collecting and study of applied arts and sculpture in Victorian England, Ed: Ben Thomas and Timothy Wilson, 1999. His collection of approximately 760 rings, formed with the aim of illustrating the history of rings of all period and types, was acquired by the Museum in 1871 and 1899. Waterton, in 1868 'of Walton Castle, near Wakefield, in the county of York, but now residing at Ostend in the Kingdom of Belgium', got into financial difficulties, and was later to be declared bankrupt. The collection of rings was held as security against a loan by the jeweller Robert Phillips for two years from March of that year. The loan was to be repaid by Waterton by March 1870, but the deadline was not met. Phillips having first contacted the Museum regarding the possible purchase of the rings in 1869, the purchase was recommended by the Board of the Museum in a minute of 20 April 1871. The majority of the rings are held in Metalwork Section, a small number in Sculpture Section.

Descriptive line

Intaglio, sard, depicting an unidentified coat-of-arms, in a modern gold ring setting, Italy, 16th century

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

List of Objects in the Art Division, South Kensington, Acquired During the Year 1871, Arranged According to the Dates of Acquisition. London: Printed by George E. Eyre and William Spottiswoode for H.M.S.O., p. 65

Production Note

16th century intaglio in a 19th century setting

Materials

Sard

Categories

Jewellery; Sculpture; Gemstones

Collection

Sculpture Collection

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